Fatty Acid Profile and Antimicrobial Activity of Rubus ulmifolius Schott Extracts Against Cariogenic Bacterium Streptococcus mutans
Membro del Collaboration Group;Antonella Rosa
Membro del Collaboration Group;Andrea Maxia
Membro del Collaboration Group;Sara Fais
Membro del Collaboration Group;Germano Orrù
AbstractAbstract: The wild edible species Rubus ulmifolius is normally known as a source of several functional- natural compounds used in the traditional diet in several parts of the world. At present, few data are available in the literature about the biological property of its leaves, normally rich in phenolic acids, fatty acids, and other organic compounds with potential antimicrobial activity. Following this hypothesis, we have investigated the antibacterial activity of different dried leaved extracts against the main cariogenic bacterium, Streptococcus mutans. Standard antimicrobial-antibiofilm methods (MIC, MBC, MBIC) were performed to evaluate each extract's antimicrobial profile. In addition, the fatty acids (FA) quali-quantitative profile of R. ulmifolius leave extracts was assessed by reversed-phase HPLC-DAD/ELSD analysis. The results showed that the behavior of this bacterium with different extracts was strictly related to extraction method type, even though it was not related to fatty acid amount and composition, in fact, all the extracts showed similar, qualitative FA patterns, characterized by a concentration in the range from (25 to 36) % of saturated compounds. The methanolic extract showed the better result as antibacterial MIC 6.25 %. These preliminary results encourage further studies for the use of R. ulmifolius in mouthwashes or toothpaste with great anticaries activity.
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