N2S2 pyridinophane-based fluorescent chemosensors for selective optical detection of Cd2+ in soils

Alessandra Garau;M. Carla Aragoni;Massimiliano Arca;Claudia Caltagirone;Francesco Isaia;Vito Lippolis;


Herein we describe the synthesis and coordination properties in solution towards Zn2+ and Cd2+ of the ligands L1 and L2 containing the 2,8-dithia-5-aza-2,6-pyridinophane (L) macrocyclic receptor unit and the 2-(2 '-hydroxy-3 '-naphthyl)-4-methylbenzoxazole (HNBO) or 7-(2-ethylamino)-4-methylcoumarin chromophores. Spectrophotometric and spectrofluorimetric measurements in the UV-visible region (MeCN/H2O solution 4 : 1 v/v) and H-1 NMR measurements provided insight into the nature of complex species and transduction mechanisms responsible for the optical responses. The ligands showed an OFF-ON response upon addition of Zn2+ and Cd2+, for L1, and only Cd2+, for L2, in both cases attributable to the formation of 1 : 1 metal-to-ligand complexes. The crystal structure of [CdL2(NO3)(2)] is reported, Cd2+ being heptacoordinated by L and NO3- anions in a N2S2O3 environment. Exploiting the fluorescence properties of L1 and L2, an optical sensor array was developed featuring PVC membranes containing the dispersed sensing material and based on the Photoassisted Technique (PT) for signal acquisition, which allowed a quantitative determination of Cd2+ in real samples (soils). All phases from the design of the chemosensors to the development of the sensing device are discussed.
Esperti anonimi
intramolecular charge-transfer; metal-ions; coordination chemistry; proton-transfer; sensor array; in-vivo; cu-ii; hg-ii; zn-ii; cadmium
Garau, Alessandra; Lvova, Larisa; Macedi, Eleonora; Ambrosi, Gianluca; Carla Aragoni, M.; Arca, Massimiliano; Caltagirone, Claudia; Coles, Simon J.; Formica, Mauro; Fusi, Vieri; Giorgi, Luca; Isaia, Francesco; Lippolis, Vito; Orton, James B.; Paolesse, Roberto
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