Diradical Character of Neutral Heteroleptic Bis(1,2-dithiolene) Metal Complexes: Case Study of [Pd(Me2timdt)(mnt)] (Me2timdt = 1,3-Dimethyl-2,4,5-trithioxoimidazolidine; mnt2-= 1,2-Dicyano-1,2-ethylenedithiolate)

Aragoni M. C.
Caltagirone C.;Lippolis V.;Podda E.;Pintus A.
Arca M.


The reaction of the bis(1,2-dithiolene) complex [Pd(Me2timdt)2] (1; Me2timdt•- = monoreduced 1,3-dimethyl-2,4,5-trithioxoimidazolidine) with Br2 yielded the complex [Pd(Me2timdt)Br2] (2), which was reacted with Na2mnt (mnt2- = 1,2-dicyano-1,2-ethylenedithiolate) to give the neutral mixed-ligand complex [Pd(Me2timdt)(mnt)] (3). Complex 3 shows an intense solvatochromic near-infrared (NIR) absorption band falling between 955 nm in DMF and 1060 nm in CHCl3 (ϵ = 10700 M-1 cm-1 in CHCl3). DFT calculations were used to elucidate the electronic structure of complex 3 and to compare it with those of the corresponding homoleptic complexes 1 and [Pd(mnt)2] (4). An in-depth comparison of calculated and experimental structural and vis-NIR spectroscopic properties, supported by IEF-PCM TD-DFT and NBO calculations, clearly points to a description of 3 as a dithione-dithiolato complex. For the first time, a broken-symmetry (BS) procedure for the evaluation of the singlet diradical character (DC) of heteroleptic bis(1,2-dithiolene) complexes has been developed and applied to complex 3. The DC, predominant for 1 (nDC = 55.4%), provides a remarkable contribution to the electronic structures of the ground states of both 3 and 4, showing a diradicaloid nature (nDC = 24.9% and 27.5%, respectively). The computational approach developed here clearly shows that a rational design of the DC of bis(1,2-ditiolene) metal complexes, and hence their linear and nonlinear optical properties, can be achieved by a proper choice of the 1,2-dithiolene ligands based on their electronic structure.
Diradical; Dithiolene; Palladium; DFT; NLO
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