Titolo:  Mianserin markedly and selectively increases extracellular dopamine in the prefrontal cortex as compares to the nucleus accumbens of the rat
Autori: 
Data di pubblicazione:  1996
Rivista: 
PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY  
Abstract:  The atypical antidepressant mianserin, administered at doses of 1, 5 and 10 mg/kg SC, dose-dependently increased up to about 6 times extracellular dopamine in the medial prefrontal cortex of the rat, as estimated by vertical concentric microdialysis probes. Mianserin failed to modify extracellular dopamine in the nucleus accumbens. Mianserin also dose-dependently increased extracellular noradrenaline in the prefrontal cortex. Yohimbine, an alpha(2) antagonist, increased extracellular dopamine in the prefrontal cortex but the maximal increase was lower than that elicited by mianserin. Yohimbine also increased extracellular noradrenaline in the prefrontal cortex, but to a lesser extent than dopamine. Clonidine, an alpha(2) agonist, decreased extracellular dopamine and noradrenaline in the prefrontal cortex but failed to affect extracellular dopamine in the nucleus accumbens. Ritanserin, a 5HT(2) antagonist, at doses of 1.0 mg/kg, failed to increase extracellular dopamine in the prefrontal cortex, but significantly potentiated the increase in extracellular noradrenaline due to yohimbine. Ritanserin failed to potentiate the increase in extracellular noradrenaline elicited by yohimbine in the prefrontal cortex. The results are interpreted to indicate that mianserin increases extracellular DA as a result of the concurrent blockade of alpha(2) and 5HT(2) receptors. Failure to affect extracellular dopamine in the nucleus accumbens is explained as due to the lack of a significant effect of alpha(2) and 5HT(2) tone on DA release in the nucleus accumbens as compared to the prefrontal cortex. The results are consistent with the postulated relationship between antidepressant drug action and the ability to increase extracellular dopamine in the prefrontal cortex.
Handle:  http://hdl.handle.net/11584/101085
Tipologia: 1.1 Articolo in rivista

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