IA/0101 - PROTECTION OF HISTORICAL LANDSCAPES
Academic Year 2021/2022
Free text for the University
DONATELLA RITA FIORINO (Tit.)
- Teaching style
- Lingua Insegnamento
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The main goal of the course is to provide students with theorical bases and useful tools for the assessment of landscape compatibility of interventions. This will allow to broaden the focus from the architecture to its context, acquiring hints and suggestions for a high-quality project. In fact, the protection and management of the landscape imply the recognition of the identity features of the community which lives in these places and the codification and interpretation of territorial historical, cultural, nature, architectural values. This landscape sensitivity should lead the transformative intervention of the territory such as the punctual and diffused activities in historical centres and rural areas towards a project coherent with all the conservation and protection principles as well as the enhancement modalities, both sustainable for the landscape beauties and the complicated industrial and wartime.
The course requires a good knowledge of the theories and history of restoration, with particular reference to practices deriving from different ideological models that have taken place during the evolution of the discipline, from its inception up to the post-war period, as well as a good knowledge on urban legislation.
The contents of the course are:
- general, theoretical and methodological concepts: territory, environment, landscape;
- the cultural landscape: material and immaterial aspects;
- historical environment, landscape and archaeology;
- regulation system: The Code of Cultural assets and landscape and PPR;
- Charters of restoration and the European Landscape Convention
- Anthology of landscapes: rural, urban, coastal, military, industrial and mining landscapes, landscapes of memory and of the XX century; historical gardens.
Integrative seminars on specific topics and field trips on case studies are included on the course.
Students will elaborate an essay on a landscape analysis concerning a case study, defined with the lecturer.
The contents will be developed through lectures, seminars and laboratory activities, involving visiting professors and national and international experts. In alternation to ex-cathedra communications, lectures on texts and case studies design will be organized with the direct participation of students. In details, students should critically analyse a scientific text and carry out an operative task concerning the procedure of listing for an assigned landscape, choosing between the study of an existing protective plan and the definition of a new one, with specific attention to the identification of sustainable practice in vulnerable context.
Verification of learning
Students with a presence equal to or greater than 75% will be admitted to the exam.
The evaluation of the student's work will be defined on the basis of the following elements:
- Attendance and active involvement in educational activities;
- Assessment of the knowledge on the topics addressed and discussed during the course;
- L. Scazzosi (a cura di), Leggere il paesaggio. Confronti internazionali/ Reading the landscape. International comparisons, Gangemi, Roma 2002.
- A. Capuano, Paesaggi di rovine paesaggi rovinati, Coll. Quodlibet Studio, Macerata 2004.
- M. Ricci (a cura di), Paesaggio. Teoria Storia Tutela, Patron, Bologna 2004.
- S. Langè, Chora. Il paesaggio riconosciuto, Franco Angeli Editore, Milano 2008.
- B. Lassus, Paesaggio: un'esperienza multiculturale: scritti di Bernard Lassus, Aracnè editrice, Ariccia (RM) 2010.
- Salvatore Settis, Il paesaggio come bene comune, La Scuola di pitagora Editrice, Napoli 2013.
- V. Russo (a cura di), Landscape as Architecture. Identity and Conservation of Crapolla Cultural site, Nardini ed., Firenze 2014.
- P. L. Paolillo, M. Venturi Ferriolo, Relazioni di paesaggio. Tessere trame per rigenerare luoghi, Mimesis, Milano 2015.
- G. Damiani, D.R. Fiorino, Military Landscapes. A future for military heritage, Skira, Milano 2017.
- L. Scazzosi, M.C. Zerbi (a cura di), Paesaggi straordinari e paesaggi ordinari, Approcci della geografia e dellarchitettura, Guerini Scientifica, Milano 2005.
- T. Matteini, Paesaggi del tempo: documenti archeologici e rovine artificiali nel disegno di giardini e paesaggi, Alinea, Firenze 2009.
- M. Venturi Ferriolo, Percepire paesaggi, la potenza dello sguardo, ed. Bollati Boringhieri, 2009
- P. Capone, B. Lassus, Il restauro impossibile: un progetto di Bernard Lassus per il Cilento, Area blu, Cava de' Tirreni 2012.
- L. Scazzosi, P. Branduini, Paesaggio e fabbricati rurali. Suggerimenti per la progettazione e la valutazione paesaggistica, Maggioli Editore, Santarcangelo di Romagna, 2014.
- M. Venturi Ferriolo, Paesaggi in movimento, per unestetica della trasformazione, Derive e approdi editore, coll. Habitus, Roma 2016.
- C. Aveta, B. Marino, R. Amore, La Baia di Napoli. Strategie integrate per la Conservazione e la fruizione del paesaggio culturale, Artstudiopaparo, Napoli 2017.
- S. Settis, Architettura e democrazia. Paesaggio, città, diritti civili, G. Einaudi, Milano 2017.
A specific bibliography and other recommended readings related to the topics that will emerge during the course will be provided during the lessons.
Teaching materials and information related to the course will be available on the lecturer’s official web pages and illustrated at the beginning of the course.
In the case of laboratory work particularly valuable from the scientific perspective it will be evaluated the possibility of sending the results of the study the scientific community through participation in conferences or seminars, national or international inherent in the discipline of restoration and conservation.