80/052 - HISTORY OF CONTEMPORARY ART AND ARCHITECTURE
Academic Year 2021/2022
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MARCELLO SCHIRRU (Tit.)
- Teaching style
- Lingua Insegnamento
|[80/72] ARCHITECTURE||[72/00 - Ord. 2017] PERCORSO COMUNE||8||80|
The course aims to provide students with a detailed knowledge of the historical-architectural and historical-artistic overview of contemporary age. The History of Architecture module addresses the period from the second half of the nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century, paying particular attention to cultural movements, aesthetic significance, historical avant-garde, protagonists of the international scene. For each of the cultural moments, it will proposed a digression in the field of Design. The History of Art module focuses on the same period, with specific reference to the avant-garde movements. Essential training goals are: student acquisition of methodological and critical tools for understanding the history of architecture and art in an interdisciplinary perspective, and specifically for the correct reading of the relationships between the movements, works and socio-political and cultural contexts of reference; the acquisition of an appropriate language to analyze the formal and symbolic meanings of artistic expressions; the acquisition of the ability to independently conduct further studies and research in the fields of contemporary architecture and art history.
Students are required to know the chronological coordinates and main features of socio-political history of the 19th and 20th centuries.
MODULE HISTORY OF CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE (50 hours; 5CFU)
THE LATE XIX CENTURY: THE BOURGEOIS ARCHITECTURE AND HANDCRAFT (1870-1900)
The Arts & Crafts Movement; Historicism, eclecticism, collecting, antiquity; Bourgeois architecture; Art academies; New artistic and decorative expressions; Crafts and furnishings; The cemetery architecture; Ecclesiastical architecture; Theatrical architecture; Universal Exhibitions.
FROM LATE XIX AND BEGINNING OF XX CENTURY: ARCHITECTURE AND TECHNOLOGY (1870-)
New technological horizons of the design; The politechnical schools; The new professional figures; The new construction techniques: armored cement conglomerate, metal carpentry; The universal exhibitions; The foundation and expansion urban plans; Technology and Cities; Buildings and sanitary regulations; The big infrastructures; The new residential and service architectures; The american experience; The industrial villages.
THE BELLE EPOQUE ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN (1895-1910)
Floralism; The European and American experiences; The architecture and crafts between the late eighteenth and early twentieth century; The universal exhibitions; The schools of architecture and crafts; The early Identity Design; The design of furniture and accessories; Graphics; The communities and associations of artists; The exoticism.
THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE PROTEST AND THE FIRST POST-WAR (1910-1925)
The Adolf Loos's experience; Futurism; Espressism and glass architecture; Dada movement; Suprematism; Neoplasticism (De Stijl); The first post-war design; Identity Design; Graphics; Déco architecture.
THE MODERN MOVEMENT (1919-)
Concepts and aesthetics of the Modern Movement; The Masters of the Modern Movement; the Bauhaus; the CIAM; Constructivism; The Modern Design; The modern furniture and accessories; Graphics; The scenery; Architecture and totalitarianism; The modern city; The founding cities; Le Siedlungen; The Italian experience; The Milan Polytechnic, rationalist school of Milan and dawn of Italian design.
THE SECOND POST-WAR (1945-1970)
The post-war reconstruction plans; The second season and the "crisis" of the Modern Movement; The popular building plans; Postmodern; Brutalism; The great season of Italian design; Fashion.
MODULE HISTORY OF ART (30 hours; 3 CFU)
The module History of Art focuses on the main movements and leading artists from the half nineteenth century to the post-World War II and in particular: The Realist Movement, Impressionism and Vienna Secession and the climate of interaction of painting and sculpture with architecture and applied arts; the groundbreaking importance of the avant-garde movements, with insights on Expressionism, Cubism, Futurism, Abstractism, Neoplasticism, Russian Avant-garde, Dada and Surrealism; "Metafisica" and some aspects of "Le rappel a l'ordre", "Art Informel" and Abstract Expressionism. Finally, a specific focus is reserved to Sardinian sculptor Costantino Nivola and his work for the Olivetti showroom in New York, a significant collaboration event around the mid-twentieth century between art, architecture and design.
Lectures with slides, pictures files and other audiovisual devices in order to engage students in the course topics.
Verification of learning
The exam of the integrated course, to be passed by oral proof, takes place in a single session for both modules of History of Contemporary Architecture and Art. In addition to the questions asked by lecturers on lecture topics, the student will present an in-depth topic of choice, preferably addressed in both modules; or in one of them. The evaluation of the exam derives from the mix of these elements: mastery and critical processing skills of the topics; specific knowledge of contents; expressive accuracy and proper language use;
FOR THE MODULE HISTORY OF CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE
Please note / recommend some general texts. The student is not bound to build his own preparation on the volumes listed; it is, indeed, desirable to extend personal knowledge by consulting bibliographic works of interest autonomously.
Guido MONTANARI, Elena DALLA PIANA, Una storia dell'architettura contemporanea, UTET Università, Torino, 2021.
Kenneth FRAMPTON, Storia dell'Architettura Moderna, Zanichelli, Bologna, 2016.
David WATKING, Storia dell'Architettura Occidentale, Zanichelli, Bologna, 2016.
AA.VV., Lineamenti di Storia dell'Architettura, Sovera Edizioni, Roma, 2016.
Alessandra MUNTONI, Lineamenti di Storia dell'Architettura Contemporanea, Laterza, Roma-Bari, 2016.
Renato DE FUSCO, Storia del Design, Laterza, Bari 2019.
Maurizio VITTA, Il progetto della bellezza. Il design fra arte e tecnica dal 1851 a oggi, Piccola Biblioteca Einaudi, Milano 2011.
FOR THE MODULE HISTORY OF CONTEMPORARY ART
1. Chapters related to course topics, from one of the following manuals:
- C. Bertelli, G. Briganti, A. Giuliano, Storia dell'arte in Italia, vol. 4, Milano, Electa-Bruno Mondadori, varie edizioni;
- G. Dorfles, A. Vettese, Storia dellarte, voll. 3 (con F. Laurocci) e 4, Bergamo, Atlas, 2005;
- E. Bernini, C. Campanini, C. Casoli, Nuovo Eikon. Guida alla storia dell'arte, vol. 3, Roma-Bari, Laterza, 2012
The use of any other manual may be agreed in advance with the teacher.
2) S. Campus, Architetti e artisti per lindustrial design. Lo showroom Olivetti a New York, in «ArcheoArte», rivista elettronica di Archeologia e Arte, supplemento 2012 al n. 1, pp. 727-746.
To be downloaded from the internet address:
M. De Micheli, Le avanguardie artistiche del Novecento, Milano, Feltrinelli, 2014
Finally, it is advisable to consult the lesson slides, which are a useful guide to the study. At the end of the lessons all the slides will be made available and downloadable on the teacher's online page: http://people.unica.it/simonacampus/
MODULE HISTORY OF CONTEMPORARY ARCHITECTURE
Prof. Marcello Schirru
Unless other agreements with the teacher, the reception timetables for student and degree are the followings:
Tuesday: from 9:30
At the end of the lessons.
Reception site: via Santa Croce n. 59, II floor in front of Department Library-.
MODULE HISTORY OF CONTEMPORARY ART
Prof. Simona Campus
September 2019, on Monday, from 5 to 7 p.m, prior notice by e-mail to
Office N. 5, Cittadella dei Musei, Piazza Arsenale 1