Select Academic Year:     2016/2017 2017/2018 2018/2019 2019/2020 2020/2021 2021/2022
Second Semester 
Teaching style
Lingua Insegnamento

Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)
[80/72]  ARCHITECTURE [72/20 - Ord. 2012]  RESTORATION 6 75


The main goal of the course is to allow the student to upgrade his personal knowledge and skill in order to cope with a complex architectural restoration project and, after that, with the management of the worksite.
Therefore, the main goal of the student engaged in the training program is to acquire the ability of applying to a real situation the concepts and historical-critical methodology, learned in theoretical bridging courses. In this way, at the end of this specialist course, the student will be confident with the decision process of an architectural restoration project, deciding on different approaches.
Topics covered during the course include theoretical investigation on contemporary modes of operation referred to the main international schools of thought in matter of architectural restoration, with specific references to historical theories. This is the only way for the student to become aware about the consequences arising from the design choices taken in the restoration of historic and artistic heritage.
The study activities also include the accurate knowledge of the Italian legislative instruments in matter of the structure of the restoration project and authorization procedures. Moreover, the student will deepen the knowledge of aspects related to the management and documentation of the yard, including the use of institutional information systems available online, including SICaR / Web (MIBACT).
Operationally, the course will provide the tools for the historical-critical understanding of the architectural heritage as well as of ancient settlements on the base of documentary sources available in archives and by means of the direct analysis of the site, also using stratigraphic methods.
At the end of the course the student will be confident in managing possibilities, limits and potentiality of diagnostics, especially regarding the use of investigation processes with different levels of invasiveness, learning to evaluate their use as a consequence of the a specific cost -benefit analysis.
Based on the results of diagnostics, the student will reach a deep maturity in choosing intervention techniques most suitable for the preservation of the building, at the same time respecting the right aspirations of new functions and transformations.
On the basis of the design choices hypothesized, the course will provide the tools for a pre-assessment of the difficulties of the worksite, the operational sequence of interventions, up to the maintenance of the recovered architecture for its enhancement and its reintroduction in the life cycle, from cultural, functional and economical point of view.


The course requires a good knowledge of the theories and history of restoration, with particular reference to practices that are derived from different ideological models that have taken place during the evolution of the discipline, from its inception after World War II.
At the same time, it requires basic knowledge of the history of architecture and of special design and formal art-historical time characterizing each of the main forms of degradation of an architectural work and the fundamental principles and criteria governing the choice of intervention techniques .
At the operational level, you must have good skills already acquired significant operational and technical representation of the themes of restoration and know how to use their ICT-based tools.


- Critical restoration and the years after World War II
- Theoretical Foundations of survey in the late twentieth century
- The modern schools of restoration

II.1 From encoding and interpretation of literature sources, preparing the report preparatory to the historic restoration project and related drawings

II.2 The evolution of the architectural structures and dating
- Stratigraphy and Archaeology
- Stratigraphy of structures: stratigraphic units, stratigraphic relationships, diagram of Harris, relative and absolute chronology
- Urban Stratigraphy
- Case studies

II.3 Analysis of degradation
- Deterioration of the surfaces
- Deterioration of building systems
- Static instability
- Humidity and condensation
- Problems in the functional efficiency of the technological elements
- Anthropic degradation
- Interrelations between diseases and degrees of vulnerability
- Environmental risk and inside risk
- Methods for description and graphical representation

II.4 Diagnostics
- Criteria for assessment, planning and interpretation of diagnostic tests (general structural materials; specialist)
- Complexity of the relationship 'cause and effect' in the evaluation of pathological conditions in the historical artifacts
- Case studies

III.1 Questions of method
- From identification of the problem to the definition of possible solutions
- The structure of the project; illustrative reports and technical information; drawings; administrative and accounting documents; economic evaluation of interventions

III.2 Techniques for conservation
- Structural consolidation
- Techniques of confinement or rehabilitation moisture
- Treatment of stone surfaces
- Treatment of plastered surfaces and wall decorations
- Reconstructions, anchors

III.3 Integration, new functions, transformation
- Methods and principles for the assessment of the compatibility of the intended uses of a historical artifact
- Adjustments and improvements in functional and performance between regulatory requirements, architectural compatibility, cultural sustainability: the impact of environmental parameters, structural, dimensional, energy and accessibility of the molded architectural historians
- Tools and principles for the assessment of the degree of transformation
- Techniques, principles and case studies of integration of the gap of the material, architectural, urban
- Treatment and maintenance of interfaces historical
- Project of the interfaces ancient/new

III.4 Monitoring, enhancement and management
- From conservation to development: problems of adaptation and use
- Continuous monitoring
- Prevention, management and maintenance after restoration

III. 5 Legal aspects
- Legislative Project reference and restoration site
- Authorization process of the project according to the Legislative Decree 42/2004 and subsequent amendments: clearance monumental and landscape authorization
- Construction and restoration of the Scientific Advisory
- Code of Public Works and cultural heritage: obligations and exemptions
- Organizations and Institutions for the protection, structure, organizations and tasks of MIBACT

- ICT, information systems and databases for the restoration
- The National cataloging system
- The monitoring of restoration sites

The workshop will focus on knowledge of case studies and visits to several pilot sites. The student will prepare a detailed design of the restoration of an artifact identified by the teacher, accompanied by drawings, documentation, administration and accounting, authorization process and timetable of the construction site. The workshop will develop accordingly with the other courses of the semester.

Teaching Methods

The teaching will be divided into three types:
a) lectures held by the teacher holds the chair and invited some professors (20 hours)
b) visits to the pilot sites (20 hours)
c) laboratory assisted design (35 hours)
The laboratory work involves the division into working groups consist of no more than 3 students with similar career commitments.
The restoration project is the central theme of the course. The lectures and site visits are designed to support the preparation of the project. Consequently, the three types of teaching will not be consequential, but proceed continuously integrated between them.

Verification of learning

The student will demonstrate knowledge of the theoretical subjects covered during the course and will illustrate the architectural restoration processed.
Will be admitted to the exam students who have a number of appearances at or above 75%.
Contribute to the final grade outcomes relating to the submission of the restoration project and the oral interview.
The oral exam consists of three questions, which relate to three different topics of the course program, through which students must demonstrate that they have acquired a critical knowledge of personal discipline and be able to professionally deal with a complete design process from idea, to the enhancement of restored manufacture.


- G. Carbonara, Alcuni temi di restauro per il nuovo secolo, in G. CARBONARA (a cura di), Trattato di Restauro Architettonico, vol. IX, Primo Aggiornamento, Torino 2007, pp.1-50.
- D.R. FIORINO, Imparare dalle crisi: la lezione del Dopoguerra nella città storica contemporanea, in S. BERTOCCI, S. VAN RIEL (a cura di), La cultura del restauro e della valorizzazione, Ed. Alinea, Firenze 2014, pp. 59-66.

- G.P. Brogiolo, Analisi stratigrafica degli elevati, Como 1988
- A. Boato, L' archeologia in architettura. Misurazioni, stratigrafie, datazioni, restauro, Marsilio 2008
- D.R. Fiorino, L’analisi stratigrafica degli elevati alla scala urbana e architettonica, in G.G.Ortu, A.Sanna (a cura di), Atlante delle culture costruttive della Sardegna, cap. 10, Roma 2009, pp. 78-83
- D.R. FIORINO, M. PINTUS, Verso un atlante dei sistemi difensivi della Sardegna, collana Castella, numero monografico n. 100, Giannini, Napoli 2015.
- D.R. FIORINO, Stratigraphy and analysis of interfaces for the preservation of architectural heritage, in "International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning", vol. 10 n. 5/31.10.2015, WITpress, Southampton 2015, pp. 755-766.

- G. Palmerio, Il progetto di restauro, in G. CARBONARA (a cura di), Trattato di Restauro Architettonico, vol. III, Torino 1996, pp. 501-716
- S. Musso (a cura di), Tecniche di restauro, coll. Trattato di Restauro Architettonico a cura di G. CARBONARA, Aggiornamento, Torino 2013
D.R. Fiorino, I vincoli del paesaggio culturale e la sostenibilità del progetto di trasformazione, in AA.VV., Manuale tecnico degli interventi sulla fruizione dei siti fortificati, ed. Sagep, Genova 2013
- D.R. Fiorino, Conservazione e manutenzione, in AA.VV., Manuale tecnico degli interventi sulla fruizione dei siti fortificati, ed. Sagep, Genova 2013, pp. 32-53

- D.R. Fiorino, C. Giannattasio, Monumenti della tecnica, infrastrutture storiche e trasformazioni del paesaggio: il progetto di valorizzazione del sito della diga in esercizio sul Flumendosa a Nuraghe Arrubiu, in M.C. Frate, F. Trivella (a cura di), Restauro conservativo e tutela ambientale. Repertorio di realizzazioni e sperimentazioni, ed. Dario Flaccovio, Palermo 2012, pp. 68-89
- D.R.Fiorino, San Fruttuoso. Studi, restauri, allestimenti museali, ed. Ggallery, Genova 2012

- D.R. Fiorino (a cura di), Dalla catalogazione al sistema informativo per la tutela e il monitoraggio del patrimonio culturale della Sardegna: un progetto pilota, in Fiorino D.R. (a cura di), Territorio e patrimonio. Conoscere per valorizzare (Atti del Convegno, Muros, Centro Culturale “Renato Loria” 4 giugno 2007), Genova 2007, pp. 81-88

More Information

The student will have information media (slide lectures, annotated legislation, schemes of study), in-depth training (scientific papers, technical and commercial information material commented) that will be made available in digital format on the official page of the teacher, as well as the reporting of paths of personal information (websites specialized institutional, scientific forums).
Each student will have access to the information system SICAR/wb for the testing of the documentation of a restoration site.
In the case of laboratory work particularly valuable from the scientific perspective it will be evaluated the possibility of sending the results of the study the scientific community through participation in conferences or seminars, national or international inherent in the discipline of restoration and conservation.

Questionnaire and social

Share on: