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First Semester 
Teaching style
Lingua Insegnamento

Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)
[80/71]  ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE [71/00 - Ord. 2017]  PERCORSO COMUNE 8 80


The overall aim of the course is to develop the student skills related to the analysis and understanding of the architectural representation and the principles of descriptive geometry. In particular it will be developed:
- Knowledge and understanding: ability to develop and solve problems related on the geometry of space by appealing to the theoretical foundations of Descriptive Geometry, ability to conceive and represent the visual qualities of reality through the use of different techniques, knowledge and under standing of the different meanings of the graphic representation and of the architectural drawing and its technical standards applied in different levels of abstraction / description and at different stages of the design process, knowledge and under standing of visual communication processes.
-Applying knowledge and understanding: develop and resolve on the plan, the geometry problems of the three-dimensional space by appealing to the theoretical foundations of Descriptive Geometry, ability to use the projective methods as a tool for description and communication, ability to translate ideas with diagrams by which interact, ability to understand and interpret spatially architecture and manage graphical models as support for knowledge and design, ability to observe the architectural contexts and to translate the identified geometric and visual quality through graphic language.
-Making judgements: ability to be in a critical position in front of the object under investigation, ability to understand and assimilate an object or a space regardless of the views provided, as well as the ability to generate a new one.
- Communication skills: ability to use the graphic and technical standards of architectural representation applied to different levels of abstraction/definition and the different phases of the design process; ability to manage the drawing as a tool for analysis and synthesis through an expressive act added to a process of visual communication, identifying and choosing most appropriate means and forms of expression in light of the objectives.
- Learning skills: develop the skills necessary to undertake further study with a high degree of autonomy.


Fundamental elements of Euclidean geometry
Reference systems
Basic geometrical constructions
Principles and graphic conventions of descriptive geometry


Theoretical premises (5 hours lectures and 20 hours teaching laboratory)
The perception and representation of space
Drawing as a model
The functions of the drawing
Methods and techniques of graphic representation
The conventional and symbolic value of the graphic sign
Sketch and freehand drawing
Drawing on location
Sequential Drawing
The language of graphic design

Propaedeutic bases (2 hours lectures + 5 hours teaching laboratory)
The basic elements of visual language
Visual communication
The figurative space
The graphical languages
Set-up and composition of the drawing
Techniques, media, and drawing tools
The geometric design

Representation systems (6 hours lectures + 20 hours teaching laboratory)
the projections
orthogonal projections
the sections
axonometric projections
perspective projections
Theory of shadows

Technical drawing and architectural project (5 hours lectures + 15 hours teaching laboratory)
Operational guidelines and standards for technical Drawing and design
The Architectural Design
Plans, elevations and sections
Scales of representation
Dimensioning systems
The architectural orders
The moldings
Simple and Compound vaults

Graphic design (2 hours lecture))
Raster and vector model
Layout and graphic design

Teaching Methods

In order to verify the learning of basic theoretical contents and representation methodologies, teaching laboratory, teaching field experiences, graphic exercises developed in the classroom and on site. Individual execution of designing. Lectures (20 hours), laboratory (45 hours) Teaching experience in the field and Tutorials (15 hours).
To meet specific educational needs related to the epidemiological situation, the possibility of live streaming lessons or recordings of the same available online is provided. Furthermore, the laboratory activities are carried out through forms of remote interaction with the available computer media. Based on the situation related to the Covid-19 pandemic, for laboratory activities and for on-site exercises, shifts and / or online replacement activities may be envisaged.

Verification of learning

The student's assessment includes an oral test in which the student will be called to discuss the drawings coursework with their theoretical insights; the student will be asked also to solve some graphic tests relating the topics dealt with in the course program. The student is also called the presentation and discussion of a report and a poster showing a summary of the drawing on location carried out according to the theme of the year, showing to grasp the basic aspects of the work.
The student will demonstrate knowledge of the theoretical foundations of descriptive geometry, technical drawing and design, regarding the ability to develop and resolve on the plan the problems inherent in the geometry of space.
The final mark is defined by means of a weighted combination of the marks in the specific topics. In the examination assessment, the determination of the final grade will consider the following elements:
1. the logic followed by the student in the resolution of the question;
2. the correctness of the identified procedure adopted for the solution of the question;
3. the adequacy of the proposed solution in relation to the skills that the student is assumed to have acquired at the end of the course;
4. the use of a suitable language;
5. the level of the drawings provided in the program and made during the course.

Delivery and presentation and all the graphic work produced in the classroom and in the exercises, as well as the delivery of the maquette in 1: 1 scale of the realized composition of solids, is one of the requirements for access to the final examination. To pass the exam, then return a vote of not less than 18/30, the student must demonstrate that they have acquired sufficient knowledge of the topics covered during the course and to be able to develop and resolve on the plan, the problems inherent in the geometry of space. To achieve a score of 30/30 cum laude, the student must show instead that he had acquired an excellent knowledge of all the topics covered during the course and a high proficiency in the development and resolution on the plan, of the problems inherent in the geometry of space.


Docci M., Gaiani M., Maestri D., Scienza del disegno, Novara, Città Studi Edizioni, 2011.
Docci M., Manuale di disegno architettonico, Bari, Laterza, 1992.
Chiavoni E., Docci M. Saper leggere l'architettura. Roma-Bari: Laterza, 2017.

Other recommended textbooks

CHING F.D.K. with JUROSZEK S.P. 1998. Design Drawing, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., ISBN 0-471-28654-0.
CHING F.D.K. 1990. Drawing a creative process, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., ISBN 0-471-28968-X.
ABRAMS, Michael C. 2014. The Art of City Sketching: A Field Manual. Routledge. New York.
Cullen Gordon, 1961. The concise Townscape. London: The Architectural Press.
Lynch Kevin, 1960. The Image of the City. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
ENTE NAZIONALE DI UNIFICAZIONE, M1 Norme per il disegno tecnico (I. Norme generali, II. Edilizia e settori correlati), Milano.

More Information

During the course, supplementary educational materials will be made available on the teacher's web page.

Questionnaire and social

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