First Semester 
Teaching style
Lingua Insegnamento

Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)
[80/71]  ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE [71/00 - Ord. 2013]  PERCORSO COMUNE 6 75


The overall aim of the course is to develop the student skills related to the analysis and understanding of the architectural representation, the principles of descriptive geometry, the direct procedures and methodologies in the architectural survey. In particular it will be developed:
- Knowledge and under standing: ability to develop and solve related problems on the geometry of space by appealing to the theoretical foundations of Descriptive Geometry, ability to conceive and represent the visual quality of reality through the use of different techniques, adequate knowledge of the techniques of direct architectural survey during the phases of architectonic surveying and drawing, knowledge and under standing of the different meanings of the graphic representation and its technical standards of the architectural drawing applied in different levels of abstraction / description and at different stages of the design process, knowledge and under standing of visual communication processes.
-Applying knowledge and understanding: develop and resolve on the plan, the geometry problems of the three-dimensional space by appealing to the theoretical foundations of Descriptive Geometry, ability to use the projective methods as a tool for description and communication, ability to translate ideas with diagrams by which interact, ability to understand and interpret spatially architecture and manage graphical models as support for knowledge and design, ability to observe the architectural contexts and to translate the identified geometric and visual quality through graphic language, applying knowledge and understanding of the techniques of direct architectural survey during the phases of architectonic surveying and drawing.
-Making judgements: ability to be in a critical position in front of the object under investigation, ability to understand and assimilate an object or a space regardless of the views provided, as well as the ability to generate a new one.
- Communication skills: ability to use the graphic and technical standards of architectural representation applied to different levels of abstraction / definition and the different phases of the design process, ability to manage the drawing as a tool for analysis and synthesis through an expressive act added to a process of visual communication, identifying and choosing most appropriate means and forms of expression in light of the objectives.
- Learning skills: develop the skills necessary to undertake further study with a high degree of autonomy.


Fundamental elements of Euclidean geometry
The reference systems
Basic geometrical constructions
Principles and graphic conventions of descriptive geometry


Theoretical premises (5 hours)
The perception and representation of space
Drawing as a model
The functions of the drawing
Methods and techniques of graphic representation
The conventional and symbolic value of the graphic sign
Life drawing
The language of graphic design

Propaedeutic bases (9 hours)
The basic elements of visual language
Visual communication
The figurative space
The graphical languages
Set-up and composition of the drawing
Techniques, media, and drawing tools
The geometric design

Representation systems (30 hours)
the projections
orthogonal projections
the sections
axonometric projections
perspective projections
Theory of shadows

Technical drawing and architectural project (25 hours)
Operational guidelines and standards for technical Drawing and design
The Architectural Design
Plans, elevations and sections
Scales of representation
Dimensioning systems
The architectural orders
The moldings
Simple and Compound vaults

Architectural survey (5 hours)
The architectural survey
Theory of Measurement
Architectural survey , Tools
Architectural survey , methods
The direct method in the architectural survey
Systems for the direct survey of the architectural Floor plans
The architectural survey
Plans, sections and elevations survey
Systems for the direct survey of architectural detail

Graphic design (1 hour)
Raster and vector model
Layout and graphic design

Teaching Methods

In order to verify the learning of basic theoretical contents and representation methodologies, teaching laboratory, teaching field experiences, graphic exercises developed in the classroom and on site. Execution of designing individual and group for the architectural survey. Lectures (30 hours), laboratory (40 hours) Teaching experience in the field and Tutorials (5 hours).

Verification of learning

The student's assessment includes an oral test in which the student will be called to discuss the drawings coursework with their theoretical insights; the student will be asked also to solve some graphic tests relating the topics dealt with in the course program. The student is also called the presentation and discussion of a report and a group poster showing a summary of the architectural survey carried out, showing to grasp the basic aspects of the work.
The student will demonstrate knowledge of the theoretical foundations of descriptive geometry, technical drawing and design, regarding the direct architectural survey and ability to develop and resolve on the plan, the problems inherent in the geometry of space.
The final mark is defined by means of a weighted combination of the marks in the specific topics. In the examination assessment, the determination of the final grade will consider the following elements:
1. the logic followed by the student in the resolution of the question;
2. the correctness of the identified procedure adopted for the solution of the question;
3. the adequacy of the proposed solution in relation to the skills that the student is assumed to have acquired at the end of the course;
4. the use of a suitable language.

Delivery and presentation and all the graphic work produced in the classroom and in the exercises, as well as the delivery of the maquette in 1: 1 scale of the realized composition of solids, is one of the requirements for access to the final examination. To pass the exam, then return a vote of not less than 18/30, the student must demonstrate that they have acquired sufficient knowledge of the topics covered during the course and to be able to develop and resolve on the plan, the problems inherent in the geometry of space. To achieve a score of 30/30 cum laude, the student must show instead that he had acquired an excellent knowledge of all the topics covered during the course and a high proficiency in the development and resolution on the plan, of the problems inherent in the geometry of space.


Bagnolo V., Disegno e rilievo in contesti archeologici: l’esperienza di Uthina (Oudhna-Tunisia), Sandhi Editore, 2010.Capitolo 1.
Docci M., Gaiani M., Maestri D., Scienza del disegno, Novara, Città Studi Edizioni, 2011
Docci M., Manuale di disegno architettonico, Bari, Laterza, 1992
Docci M., Maestri D., Manuale di rilevamento architettonico e urbano, Bari, Laterza, 2009
Falcinelli R., Guardare pensare progettare, Nuovi Equilibri, 2011

Recommended reading for further details

CHING F.D.K. with JUROSZEK S.P. 1998. Design Drawing, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., ISBN 0-471-28654-0.
CHING F.D.K. 1990. Drawing a creative process, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., ISBN 0-471-28968-X.
ENTE NAZIONALE DI UNIFICAZIONE, M1 Norme per il disegno tecnico (I. Norme generali, II. Edilizia e settori correlati), Milano.

More Information

During the course, supplementary educational materials will be made available on the teacher's web page.

Questionnaire and social

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