Teaching style
Lingua Insegnamento

Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)
[80/71]  ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE [71/00 - Ord. 2013]  PERCORSO COMUNE 9 112.5


The course is designed to provide awareness and basic abilities in the design of steel and concrete structures in architecture. Some basics on conceptual design of concrete and steel buildings are provided.
The design point of view is privileged, but knowledge and technical abilities for site architects are also provided.
The execution of two structural projects of simple buildings with concrete and steel structures is required. Therefore, a design approach toward real design situations is proposed. The execution of working drawings and of the related design report is also required.


The knowledge of the topics of the course of Mathematics is required.
Also, the basics of Statics and Structural Mechanics provided by the related course of the 2-nd year are furthermore required.
Since the course priviliges a design point of view, the knowledge of the topics of Architectural Technology provided by the related courses of the 1-st and 2-nd years are also required.


Structural analysis of typical structures of buildings
Application of the Principal of Virtual Works to simple portal frames and to multi-span floor structures
Structural analysis of statically indeterminate frames using the method of displacements (restricted to rotations only)
Actions on structures according to Italian and European Norms
Load analysis in simple buildings. Permanent loads, live loads, snow load, wind load
Partial factor method and allowable stress method
Average and characteristic values of actions and resistance forces
Partial safety factors and design values of actions and resistance forces
Load cases for Ultimate and Serviceability Limit States
Italian and European Norms on steel structures
Mechanical properties of steel
Conceptual design and typologies of steel structures and buildings
Classification of the cross-sections of steel members referring to their rotational capacity
Checking steel members at the Ultimate Limit State
Strength of tension members. Net section. Tension braces
Compression members. Strength of stocky columns. Buckling of slender columns
In-plane bending of beams. Lateral-torsional buckling of beams
In-plane strength of columns subjected to combined axial load and moment. Buckling of columns subjected to combined axial load and moment. Lateral-torsional buckling of columns
Shear resistance of web plates. Shear resistance of the web of beams subjected to combined shear and bending. Shear resistance of hollow sections subjected to torsion or combined shear and torsion
Truss and batten columns: qualitative behaviour
Local buckling of web plates
Bolted and welded connections
Methods of making bolted and welded connections
General principles of the design of bolted and welded connections
Beam-to-beam bolted connection
Beam-to-column bolted connection
Butt and fillet welded connections
Beam-to-column fillet welded connection
Bolted and welded joints of tension braces
Column-to-foundation joint
Flange-to-web connections of plate girders
Displacements at the Serviceability Limit State
Deflections of floor joists
Lateral displacement and beam deflection of a portal frame
Italian and European Norms on R/C structures
Mechanical properties of concrete and steel for rebars
Conceptual design and typologies of concrete buildings
Frames of concrete buildings. Role of stairs and shear walls to resist lateral forces on concrete buildings
Basis of design of R/C structures. R/C sections at stages I, II and III
Design of R/C structures with the Allowable-Stress Method
Design of R/C structures with the Partial Safety Factor Method
Design constitutive relationships for steel bars and concrete
Design of R/C structures at the Ultimate Limit State
Types of concrete floors
Beams with no compression bars
Shear resistance of beams without transverse reinforcements
Length of the solid slab at ribbed floor ends
Flexural and shear design of concrete floors
Reinforcement detailing of concrete floors
Rotational capacity of plastic hinges in concrete structures.Moment redistribution in R/C frames and continuous beams
Beams with compression bars
Shear resistance of beams with transverse reinforcements
Columns subjected to axial load only, and in combination with moment
M-N interaction diagrams of R/C sections
Reinforcement detailing of beams and columns
Durability of concrete structures
Environment type and corrosion
Choice of cover and type of concrete to meet durability requirements
Concrete cracking
Checking R/C structures at Serviceability
R/C sections at Stage II subjected to bending, and to bending combined with moment
Allowable stresses in steel rebars and concrete at Serviceability
Simplified method for crack control
Foundation structures: Tipologies
Design of concrete footings

Teaching Methods

Lectures in lecture hall.
Exercises in lecture hall and homeworks.
Videos on laboratory tests on materials and structures.

Verification of learning

Written examination divided into two parts, one on steel structures, and the other on concrete structures.
Exercises on the desiign of steel structures and concrete structures are always proposed, but to answer theory questions is also required.
The exam is positively passed with grades between 18/30 and 30/30. Outstanding students can achieve 30/30 con lode (meaning "with distinction").


Lecture notes on structural design of steelwork
Lecture notes on structural design of concrete structures
Video on experimental tests on building materials and structures of the teaching project E-TEMAS of SUPSI University of Lugano available by courtesy of E-TEMAS Director Prof. Ezio Cadoni.
The E-TEMAS videos were prepared with the partnership of the Istituto dei Materiali e delle Costruzioni (IMC) of SUPSI University of Lugano; HES-SO Friburgo HES-SO, EI-Yverdon; Università della Svizzera italiana-USI, Accademia di Architettura di Mendrisio.
National Norms on buildings (DM 14-01-2008) plus Circolare applicativa (02-02-2009 n. 617)
European Norms: Eurocode 1 (Actions on buildings), Eurocode 2 (Concrete Strutures), Eurocode 3 (Steel Structures).
C. Bernuzzi – Proporzionamento delle strutture in acciaio, Hoepli
C. Bernuzzi, Progetto e verifica delle strutture in acciaio, Hoepli
G. Oberti, L. Goffi -Tecnica delle Costruzioni, Levrotto e Bella
G. Toniolo – Il cemento armato, 1° e 2° volume, Zanichelli
R. Walter, M. Miehlbradt, Progettare in Calcestruzzo Armato, Hoepli

More Information

Videos on the laboratory tests developed on the occasion of the learning project E-TEMAS, and provided by the University SUPSI of Lugan.
Two tutors to help the students to carry out the exercises and to better understand the two structural projects developed in hall are available.

Questionnaire and social

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