AR/0027 - INTEGRATED LABORATORY OF DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF ARCHITECTURE 2
Academic Year 2016/2017
Free text for the University
PIER FRANCESCO CHERCHI (Tit.)
- Teaching style
- Lingua Insegnamento
|[80/71] ARCHITECTURAL SCIENCE||[71/00 - Ord. 2013] PERCORSO COMUNE||13||162.5|
The Integrated Laboratory on Design and Construction of Architecture 2 is divided in two modules: Architectural Composition (first semester) and Technical Architecture (second semester). During the first module the students will design a medium dimension building up to his preliminary level, during the second module some parts of the design will be developed up to their working plan level.
Design laboratory 2 is conceived as a laboratory-workshop: a shared space where students and professors could investigate their design activity and their discipline, architecture, both as a practical and cultural experience. During the second year of their education, the students continue their course of knowledge acquisition and design practice initiated the year before. In planning their activities, we consider that they already acquired the basic notions regarding design and its representation. Our goal is to help them develop increased maturity regarding their operative tools, growing their understanding of disciplinary themes, both formal and theoretical. Above all we tried to stimulate the perception of architecture as an open culture, which we are responsible for, both as heirs and imaginative interpreters. We have to consider this beyond “handbook” reductions – which are only practical or functional – and beyond any ideological rigidity.
The module of building of the architecture focuses to provide to students a training and searching contribution, focused to acquirement of cultural and operational tools needed to the future designer to can express specific professional skills. We will guide students in acquiring knowledge of methods and tools needed to understand the construction project through the identification of physical and logical elements, distinct and organized, which are finalized, training, historical evolution, and their widespread feasibility study and tracing architectural design in the relationship between materials, techniques and processes of production at the factory, workshop, on site available to the architect.
The course will train students to determine appropriate technical design solutions in relation to the environment, the spatial configuration of the building in relation to the systems used and the materials used. Knowing theoretical principles and methods through which we determine and organize up to the definition of executive construction techniques.
Considering the Laboratory as the second step of a triennal path, we assume that students have already acquired during the first year the basilar notions on design and graphic representation.
Design activity will be the core of the Laboratory: a single exercise organized in different steps with presentations. Analysis researches and theoretical lessons will be focused on design work, defining his themes and the character of the site. Lessons will be given by the professors, the tutors or will be organized in form of seminars which will involve students directly. Theoretical notions and practical suggestions will be intended both to integrate the design activity and offer the necessary cultural perspective.
Design work will be organized in different phases with public presentation. Every step will be announced and fixed at the beginning of the course. Presentations are conceived as a seminar activity which involves every student for stimulate a vivid debate between the different working teams.
Verification of learning
Final assessment comes from an arithmetic mean between the mark obtained at the end of the first module (Architectural Composition) and the second (Technical Architecture).
The architectural composition module examination will be based on pre-established criteria, shared by the two professors of design (Lecis – Cherchi), and clarified since the beginning for helping students to guide and manage their own design in the most effective way and to prepare a complete and fully satisfactory presentation in order to get adequate and proper assesment.
The evaluation criteria will be:
1. Quality and continuity of participation to design and teaching activities
2. Clarity and expressiveness of the project design concept
3. Consistency and imagination in the development of the composition
4. Sensitivity and effectiveness of the relationship of the project with the site and surrounding context
5. Autonomy and critical skills in project work
6. Quality of presentation and graphic rendering
The evaluation will be given to the project and therefore will be unique for all group members. Changes may be made in connection with the results of theoretical activities, which instead are evaluated individually.
We propose a selection of references, theoretical orientation papers and operative tools, that define the Laboratory physiognomy. This bibliography is intended as a work in progress, additional texts might be added during the development of the course. Suggestions by students are also welcome and encouraged.
>> Reading for thoretical seminaries:
1. Giorgio Grassi, Questioni di progettazione in “Scritti Scelti”, p.226-233, Franco Angeli, 2000 (pubblicato con il titolo “Befreite, nicht gesuchte Form. Zum Problem architektonischen Entwefens”, in Daidalos 7, numero monografico Uber Ordnung and Unordnung, mar 1983 e in Schweger/scheneider/Meyer, - Architektur-konzepte der Genenwart, Stuttgart, 1983).
2. Louis Kahn, Form and design, in “Achitectural Design” aprile 1961; trad. It. Forma e progetto, in Architettura è, a cura di Maria Bonaiti, Electa, Milano 2002
3. Vittorio Gregotti, Modificazione, in Casabella gennaio-febbraio 1994, 498-499,
4. Bruno Pedretti, La funzione in un mondo di finzione, in Riuso del Patrimonio Architettonico, Bruno Reichlin e Bruno Pedretti, Mendrisio Academy Press
5. Giorgio Grassi, Il carattere degli edifici, in “Casabella”, n. 722, aprile 2004
6. Rafael Moneo, Sul concetto di arbitrarietà in architettura. in “Casabella” n°735, Luglio Agosto 2005.
>> Site references
Ilario Principe, Cagliari, collana Le città nella storia d’Italia, Editori Laterza, Roma-Bari 1981
Aa.Vv., Cagliari. Quartieri storici: Marina, Cagliari, Silvana Editoriale, 1994
Marco Cadinu, Cagliari. Forma e progetto della città storica, University Press Architettura, CUEC, Cagliari 2009
>> Introduction to architecture
Colin Davies, Il mio primo libro di architettura, Einaudi
Antonio Monestiroli, La metopa e il triglifo. Nove lezioni di architettura, Laterza, 2002, Milano
E-L. Boullèe, Architettura. Saggio sull’arte. (1780), a cura di Alberto Ferlenga, Giulio Einaudi, Milano, 2005
Le Corbusier, Verso un'architettura, Longanesi
A. Loos, Architettura (1910), in Parole nel vuoto, Milano, Adelphi 1996, pp.241-256
A. Rossi, L'Architettura della città. Quodlibet, Milano 1966
>> About type, shape and place
K. Frampton, Luogo, Forma, Identità Culturale, in “Domus”, N. 673, Giugno 1986
C. M. Arìs, Le variazioni dell'identità, il tipo di architetta
G. Grassi, Scritti Scelti 1965-1999, Franco Angeli, Milano 1999
Through a specific laboratory website, organized as a blog, students may access to all the information about the organization of activities and download educational materials such lessons, images and basic designs, as well as being constantly informed about latest teacher's and tutors' communications.
Access references are communicated at the beginning of the lessons.