70/0005/E - PHYSICS 2/E
Academic Year 2021/2022
Free text for the University
RUDOLF GERHARD CHRISTIAAN OLDEMAN (Tit.)
- Teaching style
- Lingua Insegnamento
|[70/89] ELECTRICAL, ELECTRONIC AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING||[89/46 - Ord. 2016] ELETTRICA ON LINE E IN PRESENZA (BLENDED)||7||42|
|[70/89] ELECTRICAL, ELECTRONIC AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING||[89/56 - Ord. 2016] ELETTRONICA ON LINE E IN PRESENZA (BLENDED)||7||42|
|[70/89] ELECTRICAL, ELECTRONIC AND COMPUTER ENGINEERING||[89/66 - Ord. 2016] INFORMATICA ON LINE E IN PRESENZA (BLENDED)||7||42|
Knowledge of electrostatics and electrodynamics, and ability to solve practical problems involving DC and AC circuits, electromagnets, etc.
Elements of calculus (derivatives, integrals, simple differential equations) and vector calculus. Elementary mechanics of point-like and rigid bodies. All the notions necessary are recalled in class. Material is provided on the site.
The e-course follows largely the same syllabus as the normal course, listed below.
1 - Electrostatics
Electric charge. Conductors and insulators. Coulomb’s law; electric field and field lines. Field generated by charge distributions. Flux of the electric field. Gauss’s law and first Maxwell equation. Applications to various charge distributions. Electrostatic potential and potential energy. Equipotential surfaces. Potential generated by charge distributions; potential and field in a conductor. Field-potential relationship and second Maxwell equation.
2 - Capacitors
Capacity and capacitors. Flat, spherical, and cylindrical capacitor. Capacitors in series and in parallel. Energy density associated to the field in a capacitor. Capacitor with a dielectric medium. Polarization and dielectric response. Dielectric constant. Energy density in a dielectric-filled capacitor.
3 - Circuits
Current and current density. Microscopic model of conduction in materials. Resistance and conductance. Ohm’s law. Power, Joule effect and applications. Conductors, insulators, semiconductors. Electromotive force. Resistors in series e in parallel. Kirchhoff’s rules for circuits. RC circuits and their properties.
4 - Magnetic field in vacuum
Magnetic force and magnetic field. Solenoidal field and third Maxwell equation. Magnetic force on a current-carrying wire. Mechanical moment on a loop. Magnetic dipole moment generated by a current. Biot-Savart’s and Ampere’s laws. Field generated by an infinite wire, an infinite solenoid, and a toroid. Force between two parallel wires. Field-current relations and fourth Maxwell equation (Ampere version).
5 - Electromagnetic induction
Faraday-Lenz’s law, and completion of second Maxwell equation. Electromotive force in a moving loop; principle of the DC electric motor. Rotating loop and principle of the AC motor. Rowland’s disk and electromagnetic brakes. Mutual induction and self-induction. RL circuit: magnetic energy density. LC circuit and oscillations. RLC circuit: damped oscillations and critical damping. RLC circuit with AC source: reactance, inductance, resonance; phasor formalism. Transformer, qualitatively.
6 - Maxwell equations and electromagnetic waves
Displacement current and Ampere-Maxwell’s law; completion of fourth Maxwell equation. Integral and differential form of Maxwell’s equations in vacuum. Derivation of the existence of electromagnetic waves.
Electromagnetic waves: properties, spectrum, propagation, generation. Transported energy, Poynting vector, intensity. Speed of light in vacuum and in matter. Radiation pressure. The origin of magnetic forces from electrostatics and relativity.
The course comprises about 18 video hours, plus abundant material, mostly pdf, concerning theory, exercises, maths, and more. Simulations of the final exam are alsoprovided in due course. There is a virtual class where exercises are discussed and corrected.
Verification of learning
The final exam is the same as the normal course. It is a single written exam, about 6 questions, 2 hours.
All the texts needed are provided on the course site.
The course site provides all the needed material. More exercises and solutions are also made available on the normal course site, http://people.unica.it/vincenzofiorentini/didattica/materiale-didattico/
Meet-up by appointment at Dipartimento di Fisica, Cittadella Universitaria.
People with DSA please see here: http://corsi.unica.it/ingegneriaelettricaeelettronica/info-dsa/