Teachings

Select Academic Year:     2017/2018 2018/2019 2019/2020 2020/2021 2021/2022 2022/2023
Professor
ANDREA MAXIA (Tit.)
DANILA CUCCU
Period
Second Semester 
Teaching style
Convenzionale 
Lingua Insegnamento
 



Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)
[60/76]  BIOTECHNOLOGY [76/10 - Ord. 2018]  Industriale e Ambientale 11 108

Objectives

PLANT BIOLOGY AND PHARMACEUTICAL BOTANY & LAB
This course aims at providing the students with the knowledge of the key features and aspects of plant cells and plant tissues in order to allow them to identify and distinguish herbal drugs and medicinal plants and the relevant use of such in health, pharmaceutical, cosmetic and food fields. These goals will be achieved by lectures and lab activities
Knowledge and understanding: The students will achieve a good knowledge of the basic features of the plant cells, plant tissues and pharmaceutical botany rudiments, and, in addition, will be able to master the instruments.
Applying knowledge and understanding: During the lab activities, the students will be involved in using lab instruments and histological atlas for a correct classification of plant tissues. Attendance in lab activities is mandatory for the purposes of the exams. In addition to the above, the students will acquire the basic knowledge for the identification of medicinal and food plants.
Communication skills: Student will achieve a good communication level on the topics in question (both oral and writing skills) and master the use of the correct and appropriate terminology.
Making judgements: during the course, all students will be required to take an intermediate test aimed at assessing the correct progression of their knowledge, and, where necessary, possible gaps will be filled in through the appropriately re-integrations and re-evaluations.
APPLIED ZOOLOGY with LAB..
-Educational objectives
The course aims to provide students with a basic background on the mechanisms of origin and evolution of living organisms, on principles of classification, phylogeny and modern taxonomy, and on the biology of the main animal groups as well as the skills necessary for their recognition.
-Knowledge and understanding:
Acquisition of basic knowledge on the animal diversity with focus on the invertebrate and vertebrate (expecially on fishes) biology. Knowledge of the morph- functional distinctive characteristics of the main groups of invertebrates and their ecological relationships. Acquisition of methods of sustainable management
-Applying knowledge and understanding:
Acquisition of skills regarding the classification and identification of taxa of vertebrates and invertebrates by comparative morphological analyses. Identification and classification of representative samples of the different taxa.
-Making judgements:
At the end of the course students will be able to connect the acquired knowledge and skills by demonstrating their ability to give independent judgments on current scientific issues.
-Communication skills:
Acquisition of the correct terminology and zoological nomenclature. Ability to provide correct information on the diversity, complexity and unity of the animal life, the structural and functional adaptations of invertebrate animals. Demonstration of understanding of those arguments by oral and written communication.
-Learning skills:
Acquisition, through the use of university-level texts, of the essential theoretical knowledge on the morph- functional characteristics, phylogenetic and ecological relationships of some vertebrate and invertebrate animal phyla, necessary for the understanding of the most recent scientific discovery. Acquisition of the sustainable assessment concept through some applicative examples

Prerequisites

PLANT BIOLOGY AND PHARMACEUTICAL BOTANY & LAB
Basic chemistry and physics
APPLIED ZOOLOGY with LAB
Basic knowledge on: animal cytology, mitosis and meiosis, animal histology.
Propaedeutics :
Students must have passed the Cytology and Animal Histology exam.

Contents

PLANT BIOLOGY AND PHARMACEUTICAL BOTANY & LAB
3+3 CFU (60 hours): 24 hours of lectures and 36 hours of laboratory;
- Introduction: the study of Plant Biology. Plant molecules. Plant cells: structure and growth;
- Plant tissues. Plant organs: the leaf, the root, the stem, the woody stem;
- Energy metabolism: photosynthesis and respiration. Water movement and nutrient transport. Plant nutrition and soil. Development, morphogenesis and hormones. Response to the environment: tropisms and circadian rhythms;Life cycle and reproduction;
- Plant morphology and herbal drugs. Pharmaceutical botany elements. Monographs of some medicinal, aromatic and food plants;
Attendance in lab activities is mandatory for the purposes of the exam. During lab activities, the students will be involved in using microscope and histological atlas for a correct classification of plant tissues and the identification of medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs)and food plants.

APPLIED ZOOLOGY WITH LAB.
Lecture syllabus.
Theories and mechanisms of evolution, Darwinism and Neo-Darwinism. Natural selection. The biological concept of species and population. The reproductive barriers, allopatric and sympatric types of speciation.
Phylogeny: binomial nomenclature, hierarchical classification, modern systematics and phylogenetic trees. The domains and realms. Ontogenic development, Bauplan and organization levels, symmetry, metamorphosis asessual and sessual reproduction.
Primary sexual characteristics. Secondary sexual characteristics and sexual dimorphism. Gonocorism and hermaphroditism Reproductive strategies. Monogamy and polygamy. Parental care. Principles of animal behavior.
Interaction between organisms: symbiosis, mutualism, commensalism, parasitism, mimicry.
Protozoa: generalized structural and functional organization. Description of the Plasmodium cycle.
Phylogeny, morphology and distintive and physiological features (nervous and sensory systems, nutrition, circulation, excretion, movement and reproduction) of the following main groups: Porifera, Cnidaria (vital cycles and development of: Obelia sp and Aurelia aurita), Ctenophora, Platyhelminthes (vital cycles and development of Fasciola hepatica e Tenia solium), Rotifera, Brachiopoda, Nematoda, Lofoforati Mollusca (deepening on Cefalopods), Annelida, Arthropoda, (deepening on species of ecological and health interest), Echinodermata and Tunicata.
General characteristics of the Vertebrate classes. Deepening on Fishes. Some examples of sustanable management: spiny lobster, common octopus.
(24 hours)
Laboratory syllabus
Identification and classification of the fish taxa and invertebates by comparative morphological analyses of stored samples. Measurements, assessments on sexual maturity and age estimation will be performed on fresh samples of invertebrate species of commercial importance (24 hours).

Teaching Methods

PLANT BIOLOGY AND PHARMACEUTICAL BOTANY & LAB

Lectures with ppt, short videos and animations; Laboratory experience with the support of instruments, which allows students to examine and identify the plant tissues and morphological aspects of medicinal, aromatic and food plants.

APPLIED ZOOLOGY with LAB

Lectures with ppt, short videos and animations. The laboratory experiences will mainly concern the classification of stored samples for which specific keys will be provided.

Verification of learning

PLANT BIOLOGY AND PHARMACEUTICAL BOTANY & LAB
-Final oral exam
-Half course test
-Laboratory test

APPLIED ZOOLOGY & LAB
Half course test: written tests (open and / or multiple choice questions).
Laboratory test: classification of fishes and invertebrate
-Final oral exam


PLANT BIOLOGY AND PHARMACEUTICAL BOTANY & LAB and APPLIED ZOOLOGY & LAB:
- EVALUATION CRITERIA FOR LEARNING ASSESSMENT
Final judgement
The final grade takes into account several factors:
Quality of the knowledge, skills, competences:
a) appropriateness, accuracy and consistency of knowledge
b) appropriateness, accuracy and consistency of abilities
c) appropriateness, accuracy and consistency of ability to apply knowledge and understanding

Communication skills:
a) Ability of expression;
b) Proper use of the specific language of the discipline;
c) Logical skills and inherent consequentiality in communicating;
d) Ability to connect different subjects by finding the common points and establish a consistent overall design, i.e. taking care of structure, organization and logical connections of speech;
f) Ability to summarize also through the use of specific symbolism of each discipline and graphic expression of ideas and concepts, for example in form of formulas, schemes, equations.

Relational qualities:
Availability to exchange and interact with the teacher during the interview.

Personal qualities:
a) critical thinking;
b) ability of self-evaluation.


- Consequently, the judgment can be:

a) Sufficient (from 18 to 20/30)
The candidate demonstrates little acquisition of theoretical knowledge, superficial level, many gaps. Modest communicative abilities, but still sufficient to support a coherent dialogue, logical capacity and consequentiality in fitting the subjects of elementary level; poor capacity of synthesis and rather stunted ability of graphical expression, scanty interaction with the teacher during the interview.

b) Moderate (21 to 23)
The applicant demonstrates a moderate acquisition of knowledge but lack of expatiation, a few gaps; communicative abilities more than sufficient to support a coherent dialogue; acceptable mastery of the scientific language, logical capacity and consequentiality in fitting the subjects of moderate complexity, good enough capacity of synthesis and acceptable ability of graphical expression.

c) Good (24 to 26)
The candidate demonstrates a rather large wealth of knowledge, moderate in-depth, with small gaps; satisfactory mastery of the communicative abilities and meaningful scientific language; dialogical ability and critical thinking well detectable, good capacity of synthesis and more than acceptable ability of graphical expression.

d) Very Good (27 to 29)
The candidate demonstrates a very extensive wealth of notions, high in-depth, with marginal gaps; remarkable ability in communicating and high mastery of scientific language; remarkable dialogical capacity, good competence and relevant aptitude for logical synthesis, high capacity of synthesis and graphical expression.

e) Excellent (30)
The candidate demonstrates a wealth of very extensive and in-depth knowledge, irrelevant gaps, high capacity and high mastery in communicating through the scientific language; excellent dialogical ability and marked aptitude to make connections among different subjects, excellent ability to synthesize and very familiar with the graphical expression.

The praise is attributed to the candidates clearly above average, and whose notional, expressive, conceptual, logical limits, if any, as a whole are completely irrelevant.

Texts

PLANT BIOLOGY AND PHARMACEUTICAL BOTANY & LAB
BOOKS:
-R.F. EVERT, S.E EICHHORN, La Biologia delle piante di Raven. Ed. Zanichelli, Bologna, 2013.
-E. MAUGINI et al. Manuale di Botanica Farmaceutica, VIII ed. Piccin, Padova, 2006
-A. SPERANZA, G.L. CALZONI, Struttura delle piante in immagini. Ed. Zanichelli, Bologna, 1996.
OTHER
-A. BRUNI, C. BICCHI, R. BRUNI, F. POLI, L. PISTELLI, D. ROSSI, G. SACCHETTI, M. SERAFINI, Biologia farmaceutica: biologia vegetale, botanica farmaceutica, fitochimica. Pearson Italia, Milano, 2014
APPLIED ZOOLOGY with LAB.
reference Texts
- - Hickman, Roberts, Keen, Eisenhour, Larson, l'Anson - Zoologia- McGraw Hill. Sedicesima edizione (reference text)
- Ruppert, Barnes. Zoologia: gli invertebrati. Zanichelli (text to be used in deep analysis of invertebrate animals)
-

More Information

All required books can be consulted in the university library, while histological atlas will be available during laboratory activities.

Questionnaire and social

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