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Second Semester 
Teaching style
Lingua Insegnamento

Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)
[60/56]  INDUSTRIAL BIOTECHNOLOGY [60/56-00 - Ord. 2016]  PERCORSO COMUNE 6 56


--Educational objectives
This course aims to provide the students with a basic preparation on invertebrate biology and biology of some vertebrates classes ( fishes and birds), reproductive systems, morph-functional distinctive features and ecological relationships among invertebrate phyla. Some specific cases of sustainable assessment of resources with specific reference to the sea are shown
--Knowledge and understanding:
Acquisition of basic knowledge on invertebrate biology: taxonomy, classification, phylogeny, and reproductive strategies. Knowledge of the morph- functional distinctive characteristics of the main groups of invertebrates and their ecological relationships. Acquisition of specific cases of sustainable assessment
--Applying knowledge and understanding:
Acquisition of skills regarding the classification and identification of taxa of invertebrates by comparative morphological analyses, identification and classification of representative samples of the different taxa.
--Making judgements:
Administration of evaluation tests in itinere aimed to self- understanding of the learning level of educational units already completed . Wizard of checks marking activities with analysis of errors in order to fill promptly any learning gaps. Conscious of teaching evaluation.
--Communication skills:
Acquisition of the correct terminology and zoological nomenclature. Ability to provide correct information on the diversity, complexity and unity of the animal life, the structural and functional adaptations of invertebrate animals. Demonstration of understanding of those arguments by oral and written communication.
--Learning skills:
Acquisition, through the use of university-level texts, of the essential theoretical knowledge on the morph- functional characteristics, phylogenetic and ecological relationships of invertebrate animal phyla, necessary for the understanding of the most recent scientific discovery. Acquisition of the sustainable assessment concept through some applicative examples


Basic knowledge on: animal cytology, mitosis and meiosis, animal histology.
Propaedeutics :
Students must have passed the Cytology and Animal Histology exam.


Lecture syllabus
Morpho-functional biology, sistematics, phylogenesis. Ontogenic development, body plan and organization levels, symmetry, metamerism, body cavities, asessual and sessual types of reprodution. Distintive characters and phylogeny of main groups of Metazoa: Parazoa (Porifera) and Eumetazoa: Cnidaria, Ctenophora and Bilateria: Lophotrochozoa (Platyhelminthes, Rotifera, Brachiopoda, Nemertea, Mollusca, Anellida), Ecdysozoa (Arthropoda, Nematoda) and Deuterostomia ( Echinodermata, Chordata). Distintive characters of some Vertebrata classes ( Fish and Birds). Morpho-functional adaptations of the different taxa, methods of: feeding, breathing, circulation, excretion, osmoregulation, temperature control, skeleton, movements; nervous and endocrine systems, sensorial organs, development and life cycles. Ecological perspective and behavioral biology. Ecological relationships among taxa, symbiosis, parasitism. Basics of animal behaviour. Basics on sustainable assessment (40 hours)
Laboratory syllabus
Identification and classification of the fish taxa by comparative morphological analyses of stored samples. Identification of histological samples of dioecious and hermaphrodite gonads. Analysis of fish growth through observation by microscope of otolith and vertebrae sections. Escursion in laguna to know the methods of assessment of laguna's local resources

Teaching Methods

The course will be carried out through frontal lectures (40 hours) that will consist also of PowerPoint presentations. During laboratory experiences the students the students will identify and classify representative specimens from various pisces through the use of dichotomous guides, identify the specifics features of dioecious and hermaphrodite fishes gonads, know the direct methods to estimate the fishes growth (12 hours).

Verification of learning

During the course one written test concerning the first part of the program, including both open and multiple choice questions, one oral session on the second part of the program and a practical examination consisting in identifying and classifying fishes, will carried out. In the following sessions, an oral examination consisting of a presentation of some different topics proposed by the teacher, using diagrams/drawings when necessary, and a practical examination of identification and classification of fish specimens, will carried out.
Final judgement
The final grade takes into account several factors:
1. Quality of the knowledge, skills, competences:
1.a) appropriateness, accuracy and consistency of knowledge
1.b) appropriateness, accuracy and consistency of abilities
1.c) appropriateness, accuracy and consistency of ability to apply knowledge and understanding
2. Communication skills:
2.a) ability of expression;
2.b) proper use of the specific language of the discipline;
2.c) logical skills and inherent consequentiality in communicating;
2.d) ability to connect different subjects by finding the common points and establish a consistent overall design, i.e. taking care of structure, organization and logical connections of speech;
2.e) ability to summarize also through the use of specific symbolism of each discipline and graphic expression of ideas and concepts, for example in form of formulas, schemes, equations.
3. Relational qualities:
3.a) availability to exchange and interact with the teacher during the interview.
4. Personal qualities:
4.a) critical thinking;
4.b) ability of self-evaluation.
Consequently, the judgment can be:
a) Sufficient (from 18 to 20/30)
The candidate demonstrates little acquisition of theoretical knowledge, superficial level, many gaps. Modest communicative abilities, but still sufficient to support a coherent dialogue, logical capacity and consequentiality in fitting the subjects of elementary level; poor capacity of synthesis and rather stunted ability of graphical expression, scanty interaction with the teacher during the interview.
b) Moderate (21 to 23)
The applicant demonstrates a moderate acquisition of knowledge but lack of expatiation, a few gaps; communicative abilities more than sufficient to support a coherent dialogue; acceptable mastery of the scientific language, logical capacity and consequentiality in fitting the subjects of moderate complexity, good enough capacity of synthesis and acceptable ability of graphical expression.
c) Good (24 to 26)
The candidate demonstrates a rather large wealth of knowledge, moderate in-depth, with small gaps; satisfactory mastery of the communicative abilities and meaningful scientific language; dialogical ability and critical thinking well detectable, good capacity of synthesis and more than acceptable ability of graphical expression.
d) Outstanding (27 to 29)
The candidate demonstrates a very extensive wealth of notions, high in-depth, with marginal gaps; remarkable ability in communicating and high mastery of scientific language; remarkable dialogical capacity, good competence and relevant aptitude for logical synthesis, high capacity of synthesis and graphical expression.
e) Excellent (30)
The candidate demonstrates a wealth of very extensive and in-depth knowledge, irrelevant gaps, high capacity and high mastery in communicating through the scientific language; excellent dialogical ability and marked aptitude to make connections among different subjects, excellent ability to synthesize and very familiar with the graphical expression.
The praise is attributed to the candidates clearly above average, and whose notional, expressive, conceptual, logical limits, if any, as a whole are completely irrelevant.


- Solomon, Berg, Martin. BIOLOGIA. EDISES
- Ruppert, Barnes. Zoologia: gli invertebrati. Zanichelli
- Bruno Sabelli Atlante di Diversità e Morfologia degli Invertebrati. Piccin

More Information

Bibliographical material (or lecture notes) available from the teacher. Pamphlets and classification guides used during the practical experiences in laboratory.

Questionnaire and social

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