LS/0071 - CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY
Academic Year 2020/2021
Free text for the University
TATIANA MARIA ANTONIA COSSU (Tit.)
- Teaching style
- Lingua Insegnamento
|[32/19] LANGUAGES AND CULTURES FOR LINGUISTIC MEDIATION||[19/00 - Ord. 2011] PERCORSO COMUNE||6||30|
1) Knowledge and understanding.
Knowledge of the various meanings attributed to concepts such as culture, ethnocentrism and cultural relativism, ethnicity, race and racism, hegemony and subalternity, tradition and folklore, body and embodiment, implicit knowledge, social suffering and structural violence;
knowledge of the major theories and methods employed by anthropologists to understand socio-cultural aspects of human experience; knowledge of socio-cultural issues related to the theme of identity and various forms of racism.
2) Applying knowledge and understanding.
Know how to carry out analysis and synthesis of socio-cultural issues about the topics examined using the conceptual tools of the anthropological discipline;
develop a non-ethnocentric and non-hierarchical approach to different ways of living in human societies.
3) Making judgments.
Develop a reflexive awareness about the topics examined.
4) Communication skills.
Be able to use the basic specialized lexicon of the anthropologic discipline;
know how to clearly explain the issues of the course.
5) Learning Skills.
Be able to use the acquired knowledge and approaches for describing and analysing the socio-cultural phenomena.
Knowledge of the main phases of modern and contemporary history.
Basic knowledge of geography.
IDENTITY AND CULTURAL DIVERSITY (30 hours)
The course aims at providing the knowledge of the major concepts and methodologies employed by anthropologists to understand socio-cultural aspects of human experience. Culture, ethnocentrism and cultural relativism, ethnicity, race and racism, hegemony and subalternity, tradition and folklore, body and embodiment, implicit knowledge, social suffering and structural violence will be the principal keywords to be analyzed. Particular attention will be paid to the processes of construction of identity and alterity, of the foreigner and of the enemy, to the forms of naturalization of differences and racism in modern and contemporary societies.
1. Cultural anthropology.
2. The concept of culture.
3. The methods of ethnographic research.
4. Cultural diversity, ethnocentrism, and cultural relativism.
5. Culture as anthropo-poiesis.
6. Body as a social and cultural fact.
7. Knowledge of the body, embodiment, and habitus
8. Play, myth, art, and ritual.
9. Tradition and folklore.
10. Hegemony and subalternity.
11. Ethnicity and race.
12. The invention of race.
13. Identity and cultural fundamentalism.
14. Social inequality and structural violence.
15. Power, violence, and human rights.
In order to meet specific educational needs related to the epidemiological situation, there is the possibility of live streaming lessons or their recordings available online.
Verification of learning
Assessment consists in an oral test in which the student is required to propose an in-depth study of his / her choice from among those the course, and to expose and argue on some of the issues proposed by the lecturer.
The evaluation of the student consists in an oral exam.
Through an interview the student must demonstrate of having achieved:
- knowledge of the main themes of the course;
- ability to apply the acquired knowledge by setting up a properly motivated and well-argued speech on a topic of his/her choice;
- ability of critical and methodological analysis.
- competence in the use the basic specialized lexicon of the discipline
Examination methods are the same for both attending and non-attending students.
In order to pass the exam (that means to reach at least the lower mark of 18/30), the student must demonstrate that he has gained sufficient knowledge of the arguments relating to the basics of the discipline and that s/he is able to apply theoretical notions to concrete cases.
To achieve a score of 30/30 with honours, the student must demonstrate that he has gained an excellent knowledge of all the topics of lectures and reference bibliography and that he is able to apply the theoretical notions to concrete cases, using the special language of the discipline accurately.
1) Emily A. Schultz, Robert H. Lavenda, Antropologia culturale, Terza edizione italiana, Bologna, Zanichelli, 2015 (chapters 1-4, 6, 8-9, 12-14).
2) A book chosen among the following:
• Marco Aime, Classificare, separare, escludere. Razzismi e identità, Torino, Einaudi, 2020 (pp. 1-116).
• Marco Aime, Cultura, Torino, Bollati Boringhieri, 2013 (120 p.).
• Giulio Angioni, Fare, dire, sentire, L’identico e il diverso nelle culture, Nuoro, Il Maestrale 2011, (pp. 1-62, 169-220).
• Marc Augé, Jean-Paul Colleyn, L’antropologia del mondo contemporaneo, Milano, Elèuthera, 2006 (110 p.).
• Tim Ingold, Antropologia. Ripensare il mondo, Roma, Meltemi, 2020 (110 p.)
• Tzvetan Todorov, La conquista dell’America. Il problema dell’«altro», Torino, Einaudi, 1984 (part I, II, III, pp. 1-221).
Or all the following essays:
- Paul Farmer, Un’antropologia della violenza strutturale, in “Antropologia”, n. 8, 2006 (33 p.), http://dx.doi.org/10.14672/ada2006145%25p
− Paul Farmer, Sofferenza e violenza strutturale. Diritti sociali ed economici nell’era globale, in Ivo Quaranta, Antropologia medica. I testi fondamentali, Milano, Raffaello Cortina Editore, 2006, pp. 265-302.
− Brooke Grundfest Schoepf, Genocidio e violenza di genere in Rwanda, 1994, in “Antropologia”, n. 8, 2006 (31 p.), http://dx.doi.org/10.14672/ada2006149%25p
Lessons will follow the official calendar.