32/19/070 - MODERN AND CONTEMPORARY ITALIAN LITERATURE
Academic Year 2017/2018
Free text for the University
GIOVANNA CALTAGIRONE (Tit.)
- Teaching style
- Lingua Insegnamento
|[32/19] LANGUAGES AND CULTURES FOR LINGUISTIC MEDIATION||[19/00 - Ord. 2011] PERCORSO COMUNE||12||60|
Introduction: This course aims to provide a modern critical reading of literary works, focusing the attention on poetry. The course will include an institutional section about specific areas of interests of the modern and contemporary Italian Literature. The comprehension of these subjects will enable students to compare a few recommended literary works to the traditional, canonical, linguistic, artistic and cultural system of the Ninetieth and Twentieth Century.
Skills: The course aims to help students to achieve an appropriate methodological knowledge, which includes: a correct analysis of the poem's structures and of the literary text characteristic; a detailed understanding of all the different complex literary systems where the text is inscribed (linguistics, rhetoric, stylistic, aesthetic, historical, editorial and communicative systems), included the recognition of the text semantic analysis.
Student behaviour: The purpose of the course is to educate students to reading aloud poetic texts as a basic level of understanding. Students are also expected to move from a basic knowledge of texts to a critical analysis more suitable to the complex poetic structure. Similarly, they should prove their ability in using an appropriate glossary of poetic terms.
Learning: The module regard the students with a scholastic understanding of chronological literary periods, a knowledge of basic historical and cultural events of the 19th and 20th Century and a widespread understanding of the Italian literary tradition. It also includes a basic comprehension about critical and methodological questions in the modern literature.
Skills: An accomplished understanding of the Italian language both written and spoken. A fluent, appropriate, spoken ability.
MONOGRAPHIC COURSE: THE ITALIAN CIVIL POETRY DURING THE SECOND HALF OF TWENTIETH CENTURY
The course will be structured in two modules, each one of 30 hours. Those students who need 12 credits will be required to follow both the two modules, 6 credits require only the first module.
I MODULE (30 hours)
Prominent civil poets of the second half of the Twentieth Century.
− Methodological and Historiographical questions will be examined to provide students with the appropriate implements for the analysis of poetic texts. These methods will allow students to compare authors and texts to poetic issues and modes as they are expressed in the artistic and literary field from the 40's to the 90's.
− The course includes critical reading of selected poetic texts which give evidence of a growing and renewed civil poetry. The examination of these works underlines a break with linguistic traditions and the subject area of modern poetry, highlighting the contamination with new sciences and other arts. The course includes the reading and the analysis of the following authors: Mario Luzi, Franco Fortini, Primo Levi, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Luciano Erba, Amelia Rosselli, Elio Pagliarini, Edoardo Sanguineti, Andrea Zanzotto, Giovanni Giudici.
II MODULE (30 hours)
Pier Paolo Pasolini and his civil engagement through a selected choice of his poetic collection.
The following narrative poetry will be read and analysed:
Le Ceneri di Gramsci. Poemetti (1957); Appendice a« Le Ceneri di Gramsci»; La Religione del mio Tempo (1957-1959).
Pasolini appears as the artistic and intellectual symbol of the late Twentieth Century because of his painful consciousness of the fast Italian social change. The evident, historical, disillusionment of his generation is well mirrored in his poetry collection written during the '50's and 60's, where Pasolini fuses together the lyric tradition with his civil and political engagement. These poems reveal a poetic language, subjects and linguistic structures aimed at a continuous experimentation.
The two modules will be similarly structured
1. Front Lecturing (h. 20+20)
a) The lecture includes a description of the most important poetic tendencies in the second half of the 20th Century. Furthermore, it will be discussed a rhetoric and expressive analysis of poetic texts. The module also examines differences in the structural levels of the poetic language in addition to a clarification of modern poetic techniques and its relationship with the Italian and European traditions.
b) This module concerns general methodological questions and key elements relative to the discipline: modern literary institutions, foundation and transformation of the 20th Century canon, statute and modes of operations of literary genres.
2. Periodic Seminars (h. 10+10)
a) The course includes an active seminar participation. Each student is required to provide a critical analysis in the form of a lecture plus a written report about a poetic work and the elaboration of a basic bibliographical path. These works will be evaluated as a midterm examination.
b) A supported work concerning the course will be presented by Professor Maria José Tramuta, from the University of Caen, who will participate as a T. S. (teacher staff) of the Erasmus relationships.
Verification of learning
The mark examination is expressed in thirtieth. The exam approximately lasts 30-35 minutes (15-20 minutes for those students who succeed the midterm examination). Students are required to have a good knowledge of the arranged literary texts (you will find these texts in the program). Students are also examined on the basis of their understanding of the linguistic and structural complexity of the poetic language. The overarching aims of the evaluation include the comprehension of the style, rhetoric, themes and semantic of the analysed poems. Students should also demonstrate their ability in recognising the historical and artistic collocation of the studied texts (poetry, cultural eras, artistic movements and tendencies are all determinant subjects for the evaluation).
During the exam students are required to demonstrate the correct understanding of the critical and methodological implements for the analysis as they are explained in the bibliography. They should also be able to employ a qualified literary language.
Students are highly recommended to bring core texts to the exam together with critical writings and any other useful literary notes that could be consulted during the examination (i.e. notepapers, summaries, notes of any kind).
Students who will prove a detailed knowledge and ability in analysing texts, and who will be also able to link these texts within the larger context of the course, will receive a higher mark.
A determinant part of the course includes a proper reading of poems and a high competence in the critical and methodological speaking.
Students who will not satisfy these criteria (the correct understanding and expression of the poetic language), will be evaluated with the minimum mark. Those who will not demonstrate a complete knowledge of the programme (and a partial reading of texts included) will not succeed the examination.
I MODULE (30 hours)
CESARE SEGRE, CARLO OSSOLA (a cura di), Antologia della poesia italiana. Novecento, Einaudi, Torino 2003, t. secondo (relativamente ai poeti: Mario Luzi, Franco Fortini, Primo Levi, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Luciano Erba, Amelia Rosselli, Elio Pagliarani, Edoardo Sanguineti, Andrea Zanzotto, Giovanni Giudici).
Critical and methodological texts:
Introduction and critical notes attached to the poetical texts in the Anthology;
NICOLA GARDINI, Com'è fatta una poesia? Introduzione alla scrittura in versi, Sironi, Milano 2007 (except for the pp. 151-204);
PAOLO GIOVANNETTI, La letteratura italiana moderna e contemporanea, Carocci, Roma 2001.
II MODULE (30 hours)
PIER PAOLO PASOLINI, Le ceneri di Gramsci. Poemetti (1957); Appendice a «Le ceneri di Gramsci»; La religione del mio tempo (1957-1959), in ID., Tutte le poesie (a cura di WALTER SITI), t. I, Mondadori, Milano 2003, (pp. 773-888; 959-991).
- Introduction and critical notes attached to Pasolini poetic collection;
- FERNANDO BANDINI, Il “sogno di una cosa” chiamata poesia, in PIER PAOLO PASOLINI, Tutte le poesie, (a cura di WALTER SITI), t. I, Mondadori, Milano, 2003 (pp. XV-LVIII);
- NIVA LORENZINI, Le ceneri di Gramsci: il corpo, la passione, la stilizzazione, in EAD., Corpo e poesia nel Novecento italiano, Bruno Mondadori, Varese, 2009 (pp. 65-74).
Students who will not attend the course are required to study the programme as it is currently presented. A reduction of the program will be only provided, during the didactic work, for those students who will attend the entire course and it will be planned in accordance with the teacher.
It is highly recommended to consult an Italian dictionary during the reading and analysis of the texts to confirm and improve the meaning of the Italian poetic language.
Students who have no knowledge of the contemporary poetry and are persuaded not to understand it are encouraged to enjoy the course, this is a unique and fascinating opportunity, intellectually as well as ethically.
Day Hour Department
Tuesday h.10-12 ex Facoltà di Lingue, Via S. Giorgio, 12, room 39, p. II