SF/0049 - FUNDAMENTALS OF PHYSICS
Academic Year 2021/2022
Free text for the University
FRANCESCO DETTORI (Tit.)
- Teaching style
- Lingua Insegnamento
|[30/46] PRIMARY TEACHER EDUCATION||[46/00 - Ord. 2011] PERCORSO COMUNE||9||70|
Knowledge and understanding
At the end of the class, students will be able to:
• Knowing and understanding the experimental, theoretical, conceptual, and applicative foundational principles of the main Physics laws, selected on the basis of their relevance and accessibility in the framework of Primary school.
• Knowing and understanding the existence of a complex nature and of the importance of the scientific method as a tool to investigate it.
• Capability to operate with physical quantities and to evaluate dimensions and relations among those quantities.
• Capability of reading and exploiting graphical representations of these quantities (draws, sketches, tables, diagrams, etc.).
• Knowing and understanding importance and implications of the laws of physics in the educational framework.
Capability to apply knowledge and understanding
At the end of the class, students will be able to:
• Recognize and understand the meaning of the fundamental laws of classical physics.
• Explain with simple arguments the most important physical phenomena experienced in our everyday life.
• Acquire knowledge and educational skills related to other scientific disciplines related to physics.
• Project and implement scientific experiences allowing pupils to catch with simple concepts the basis of the natural phenomena
• Realize small and simple experiments
Autonomy of judgment
At the end of the class, the student will be able to:
• Have a critical and autonomous thinking approach to reality, especialy in relation to the necessiticies of children in primary school
• Apply proper evaluation strategies of sciences learning and the efficacy of the given didactics .
• Critically analyse teaching moments on science.
• Discover and apply the potential of interdisciplinarity of science and physics in particular.
At the end of the class, the student should be able to:
• Express in clear and specific way the concepts at the basis of the fundamental laws of physics, within a level appropriate to their specific education framework.
• Use suitable forms of written communication such as graphics, and algebraic equations, proper of the formal language of physics.
Capability to learn.
At the end of the Class, the student will be able to search and use bibliographical references and general information, as well as technical tools, useful to update and deepen in autonomous way their scientific knowledge with particular focus on Physics.
Prerequisites of the Class
For a full and agile fruition of the arguments, the following basic mathematical knowledge is required:
• Arithmetic (operations, powers, fractions, proportions)
• Geometry (plane and 3-dimensional figures, theorem of Pythagoras and Euclid)
• Trigonometry (trigonometric functions, triangle operations)
An understanding of basic Algebra (monomers, polynomials, systems of equations at least up to 2nd order) is useful, but not mandatory.
Other possible propaedeutic classes: Logics and fundament of mathematics are strongly recommended
The class in conceived as a general introduction to the foundations of physics at qualitative and semi-quantitative level; emphasis will be given to the practical and applicative aspects which are directly related to the interpretation of natural phenomena, and to the technological innovations of the modern world.
The general arguments treated in the class are:
• The process of measurement, and unit of measures
• The scientific method
• The laws of classical dynamics.
• Basic concepts of fluid mechanics and waves
• Basic Thermodynamics
• A glimpse at the Universe: an outline on the current comprehension of fundamental physics from smallest to largest scales
• Basic Electromagnetism
• Basic of the structure of matter: atoms, molecules, crystals.
• Basic of optics and the properties of light
A series of Lab experiences is realized, devoted to the acquisition of the fundamental tools suited for the Primary school education.
The teaching activity consists of 60 hours of class, including theory and exercises; to these, 10 further hours of Laboratory activity are added as an integral part of the class.
The Lab activity is carried out in hours and locations different from that of the theoretical lessons, and possibly during the conclusive part of the lessons.
The Lab experiences concern some of the most important topics of the class: thermodynamics, fluidodynamics, electromagnetism, optics.
The participation to the Lab experiences, certified through written reports, is mandatory for the student in order to gain admission to the oral exam.
To meet specific educational needs related to the epidemiological situation, the possibility of live streaming lessons or recordings of the same available online is provided. Furthermore, the exercises can be carried out by means of remote interaction forms with the available IT supports.
Verification of learning
• In order to be admitted to the final exam, students are required to acquire an idoneity in their laboratory activity, which consists in participation and realization of several Lab experiences. For each experience the students will produce a written report.
• Students will have to undertake an oral exam at the end of the course. The exam consists of two parts. In the first part, the student will be asked to present a topic in the form of a brief lecture. The topic will be chosen from a predefined list. At the end of the first part, the exam will continue with some questions on the most important topics of the course not discussed in the first part.
The score of the exam is expressed in thirtieths (1/30); 18/30 is the minimal threshold to pass. The exam is aimed at verify the level acquired by the students, based on the criteria described in "Knowledge and understanding capability".
Criteria of the score
The determination of the score considers the following elements:
• Knowledge of the arguments and capability to master concepts, definitions and the math formalism at basic level.
• Correspondence between questions and answers
• Capability to relate specific examples with general concepts at the basis of the fundamental laws of physics
• Appropriateness and clear exposition of the arguments
To pass the exam with minimal score (18/30), students should demonstrate a sufficient knowledge on most of the arguments treated in the class.
To pass the exam with maximum score (30/30 "cum laude") students should demonstrate an excellent knowledge of all the arguments of the class, and the capability to elaborate a deep and critical analysis of the learned concepts.
• Outline of the lectures, available in PDF format will be avaliable on the teacher website and/or distributed by mail-list
• Fisica, Giancoli, zanichelli
• La Fisica per maestri, D.Allasia,V.Montel, G.Rinaudo, Edizioni libreria cortina Torino.
Each professor receives the students in his Office by appointment. They can be contacted at the e-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org. The Offices are located at the Physics Department of the Cittadella Universitaria di Monserrato, Monserrato (Ca).
We remind that an Office for People with Disabilities (Ufficio Disabilità) (http://people.unica.it/disabilita/) that on request, allows to intervene with personalised interventions in order to meet every student needs. Please contact this office in advance in case of special needs for what concerns the course fruition and exam.
For what concerns Erasmus students, they are invited to contact the teacher for information concerning program and textbooks.