Select Academic Year:     2016/2017 2017/2018 2018/2019 2019/2020 2020/2021 2021/2022
Second Semester 
Teaching style
Lingua Insegnamento

Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)
[30/46]  PRIMARY TEACHER EDUCATION [46/00 - Ord. 2011]  PERCORSO COMUNE 8 60


The course is aimed at introducing students to the general knowledge, valorization and safeguarding of the environment through its complex components overall. This course provides an integrated reading of natural and anthropic ecosystems and it is therefore characterized by didactic activities related to the Earth Sciences and Life Sciences, associated with appropriate mathematics, physics and chemistry knowledge. The course aims to provide an advanced understanding of the major biotic and abiotic components of the Environment, to the processes underlying the understanding of, and interaction with, others, of their historical character and of anthropic influence.

Knowledge and understanding
Knowledge of biotic and abiotic processes; knowledge and ability to understand both the processes and mechanisms interacting between organisms and between organisms and environment, with particular attention to anthropic influences; knowledge in basic natural sciences with regard to the specific language understanding in the context of Life and Earth sciences.
The expected results will be achieved through the lectures and the personal study students will carry out using the didactic material, suggested or directly provided by the teacher (e.g. texts and scientific articles). Learning will develop through participation in lectures and the visits to museums, the research workshops the field excursions, and the individual study.
The achieved results will be assessed either through an oral test or through a presentation with a PowerPoint presentation on a selected topic among the ones provided in the program.

Applying knowledge and understanding
Ability to recognize and classify the biotic and abiotic components of the environment; ability to analyse scientific data and the ecosystem as a whole; ability to show interdisciplinary competences on the environment and on the nature and to monitor the environment dynamics.
These skills will be developed through the lectures, the visits to museums and the laboratories. The application of basic knowledge will be assessed either through an oral test or through a presentation with a Power Point presentation on a selected topic among the ones provided in the program.

Making judgments
Working at lessons, taking part in seminars and visiting museums will allow students to identify the required knowledge and skills for the interpretation of environmental sciences, from an interdisciplinary perspective, by developing ethical attitudes towards the environment and nature. Strategies for making judgments will be developed at lessons and assessed during the exam where the ability to expand and integrate the knowledge acquired during the course will be evaluated.

Communication skills
Ability to communicate and to transfer competences to different interlocutors particularly in the context of primary and secondary school, about the natural and environmental sciences

Learning skills
Ability to use the main sources for obtaining data and information to find the main sources for collecting data and information, autonomously updating knowledge and competence in the future didactic activity.


Students will have basic cultural requirements allowing to understand topics related to the natural and environmental sciences.


UD 1 (3h) Basic concepts and definition of natural and environmental sciences - The scientific method - The origin of life on Earth - The first organisms on the Earth - Prokaryotes, and eukaryotes - Autotrophs and Heterotrophs organisms - Fundamentals of general Biology: the cell - Cellular organelles and structure - Difference between plant cells and animal cells.
UD 2 (3h) Cell Division and Reproduction: mitosis and meiosis - Asexual vs Sexual Reproduction: difference and comparison.
UD 3 (3h) Transmission of hereditary characters: explanation of Mendel's three laws - Main theories of evolution - Classification of Organisms.
UD 4 (3h) Three domains of life: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya.
UD 5 (3h) General Knowledge of Botany: the plant cell - The chlorophyll photosynthesis - Plant organography - Plant classification.
UD 6 (3h): Visit the Botanical Garden of Cagliari.
UD 7 (3h) General knowledge of Zoology: the main animal characteristics - Invertebrates: general characteristics and classification.
UD 8 (3h) Vertebrates: general characteristics and classification
UD 9 (3h) Visit the Ecology and Zoology Museum of Cagliari.
UD 10 (3h) Biodiversity types: Genetic, Specific, and Ecosystemic diversity.
UD 11 (3h) The value of biodiversity: direct and indirect - How to protect biodiversity - Nature conservation legislation.
UD 12 (3h) In situ and ex situ conservation - Visit the Sardinian Germplasm Bank (BG-SAR).
UD 13 (3h) General Knowledge of Ecology: Abiotic and biotic components - Population and communities - Interactions within the community – Ecosystems.
UD 14 (3h) The energy flow - Biogeochemical cycles - Food chains.
UD 15 (3h The World's Biomes: Tundra – Taiga - Temperate deciduous forest - Scrub forest – Grassland – Desert - Tropical rain forest - Temperate rain forest.
UD 16 (3h) General Knowledge of Geology: the Earth system – the Earth's internal structure; Minerals; Rocks. Soil pollution.
UD 17 (3h) Visit the Museum of Geology and Paleontology of Cagliari.
UD 18 (3h) Volcanoes; Earthquakes.
UD 19 (3h) The hydrosphere. Water pollution.
UD 20 (3h) The atmosphere. Air pollution.

Teaching Methods

Lessons will take place for the most part on-site, face-to-face, with additional integrated online strategies aimed at ensuring services are delivered in an innovative and inclusive manner.
The course will take place during the 2nd semester of the second year. It includes lectures characterized by PowerPoint presentations, seminars and visits to museums (60 hours 8 ECTS credits).

Verification of learning

Assessment will consist of an oral test through which students will have to show their knowledge on the topics dealt with during the course, their synthesis, and, consequentially, their expository skills together with the specificity of the language.

The final score will be given out of 30/30 considering the following factors:
Quality of knowledge, abilities, possessed and/or shown skills:
a) appropriateness, accuracy, and congruity of knowledge;
b) appropriateness, accuracy, and congruity of expertise;
c) appropriateness, accuracy, and congruity of skills.

Expressive Modes:
a) expressive skills;
b) proper use of the language peculiar to the learning issue;
c) consequentiality and logical capacity in linking contents;
d) ability to connect different topics by finding common grounds and establishing a coherent overall design, that is taking care of the structure, organization, and logical connections in the expository speech;
e) synthesis skills.
Relational quality:

Availability to exchange and interact with the teacher during the interview.
Personal qualities:
a) critical thinking;
b) self-assessment skills.

The final score will be awarded as follows:
a) Insufficient (less than 18/30)
The candidate is unable to show the basic notions about the topics addressed in the course, with poor expressive capacities, insufficient to keep a coherent dialogue, poor synthesis skills, and lack of interaction with the teacher during the interview.
b) Sufficient (from 18 to 20/30): The candidate shows a poor acquisition of theoretical knowledge, a superficial level of preparation, with many gaps in it. Modest communicative abilities, logical capacity, and consequentiality at an elementary level; the basic ability of critical thinking; poor synthesis skills, and lack of interaction with the teacher during the interview.
c) Moderate (21 to 23/30):
The candidate shows a moderate acquisition of knowledge but lack of detailed study, a few gaps in it; more than sufficient expressive abilities to hold a consistent dialogue; acceptable mastery of the scientific language; logical ability and consequentiality in fitting moderately complex arguments; more than sufficient synthesis skills.
d) Good (24 to 26/30):
The candidate shows a wide knowledge, a moderately detailed study, with few gaps; satisfactory expressive skill and a significant mastery of the scientific language; dialogic skills and well detectable scientific jargon; good synthesis skills.
e) Outstanding (27 to 29/30):
The candidate shows a very extensive knowledge and a high level of detailed study, with marginal gaps; a remarkable ability in communicating with an appropriate scientific language; a remarkable dialogic ability good skills, and relevant aptitude for logical synthesis; high synthesis skills.
f) Excellent (30/30):
The candidate shows a very extensive and deep knowledge, some irrelevant gaps; high expressive ability and mastery of the scientific language; excellent dialogic ability, remarkable predisposition to connect different subjects; excellent synthesis skills.
The distinction is awarded to candidates showing a thorough preparation and appropriate use of the specific jargon.


Reference texts
Helena Curtis, N Sue Barnes, Adriana Schnek, Alicia Massarini. Invito alla Biologia Cellula - Genetica - Evoluzione - Animali – Piante 2017
David Sadava David M. Hillis H. Craig Heller Sally Hacker, Biologia, Quinta edizione italiana condotta sulla undicesima edizione americana, 2019

Further recommended texts:
PASQUA/ABBATE/FORNI " Botanica Generale e Diversità Vegetale" Piccin, Piccin-Nuova Libraria, 2019
Botanica – Fondamenti di Biologia delle Piante IV Ed. Edizioni Idelson Gnocchi
Richard B Primack, Luigi Boitani- Biologia della conservazione, Trad. C. Boitani-2013 Elvidio Lupia Palmieri, Maurizio Parotto-Scienze della Terra-seconda edizione, 2014

More Information

The program refers to A.A. 2021-22.
Throughout the year the teacher is available for clarification or suggestions about the course.
Email:;; Phone 070 6753509
Address: DISVA – Botany Section, V.le Fra Ignazio da Laconi, 13, Cagliari,
Students with special needs may benefit from a Disabled Office ( that, in accordance with the Law n.17/99, certifies their difficulties in order to organize individualized programs and exams.

Questionnaire and social

Share on: