Title:  Thyroid hormone receptor ligands induce regression of rat preneoplastic liver lesions causing their reversion to a differentiated phenotype
Issue Date:  2009
Internal authors: 
Authors:  Perra A; Kowalik Marta Anna; Pibiri M; Ledda-Columbano GM; Columbano A
Number of authors:  5
Volume:  49
First page:  1287
Last page:  1296
Number of pages:  10
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hep.22750
Pubmed identifier:  PMID: 19115221
Scopus identifier:  2-s2.0-65449134288
ISI identifier:  WOS:000264862100026
Abstract:  Hepatology. 2009 Apr;49(4):1287-96. Thyroid hormone receptor ligands induce regression of rat preneoplastic liver lesions causing their reversion to a differentiated phenotype. Perra A, Kowalik MA, Pibiri M, Ledda-Columbano GM, Columbano A. SourceDepartment of Toxicology, Oncology and Molecular Pathology Unit, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, Italy. Abstract Triiodothyronine (T3), through interaction with its intracellular thyroid hormone receptors (TRs), influences various physiological functions, including metabolism, development, and growth. We investigated the effect of T3 and the selective TR-beta agonist GC-1 in two models of hepatocarcinogenesis. Preneoplastic lesions were induced in F-344 rats via a single dose of diethylnitrosamine, followed by a choline-deficient (CD) diet for 10 weeks. Rat subgroups were then fed the CD diet or a CD diet containing either 4 mg/kg T3 or 5 mg/kg GC-1 for another week. Rats fed a CD diet alone showed a large number (65/cm(2)) of preneoplastic lesions positive for the placental form of glutathione S-transferase (GSTP). Coadministration of T3 for the last week caused an almost complete disappearance of the foci (3/cm(2)). A reduction of GSTP-positive foci was also observed in rats fed a CD + GC-1 diet (28/cm(2) versus 75/cm(2) of rats fed a CD diet alone) in the absence of significant differences in labeling or apoptotic index of preneoplastic hepatocytes between the two groups. An antitumoral effect of GC-1 was also observed with the resistant hepatocyte model of hepatocarcinogenesis. Nodule regression was associated with a return to a fully differentiated phenotype, indicated by the loss of the fetal markers GSTP and gamma glutamyl transpeptidase, and reacquisition of the activity of glucose 6-phosphatase and adenosine triphosphatase, two enzymes expressed in normal hepatocytes. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that activated TRs negatively influence the carcinogenic process through induction of a differentiation program of preneoplastic hepatocytes. The results also suggest that TRs could be a meaningful target in liver cancer therapy. PMID:19115221[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] Publication Types, MeSH Terms, SubstancesPublication TypesResearch Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tMeSH TermsAnimalsApoptosis/drug effectsCell Differentiation/drug effects*Choline Deficiency/complicationsDiethylnitrosamineGlutathione Transferase/metabolismHepatocytes/metabolismLiver Neoplasms, Experimental/drug therapy*MalePrecancerous Conditions/drug therapy*Precancerous Conditions/etiologyRatsRats, Inbred F344Receptors, Thyroid Hormone/metabolismTriiodothyronine/analogs & derivativesTriiodothyronine/pharmacologyTriiodothyronine/therapeutic use*SubstancesReceptors, Thyroid HormoneDiethylnitrosamineTriiodothyronineGlutathione Transferase LinkOut - more resourcesFull Text SourcesJohn Wiley & Sons, Inc.EBSCOOhioLINK Electronic Journal CenterSwets Information ServicesMolecular Biology DatabasesN-NITROSODIETHYLAMINE - HSDBLIOTHYRONINE - HSDB
Type: 1.1 Articolo in rivista

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