LS/0069 - GENERAL LINGUISTICS
Academic Year 2022/2023
Free text for the University
ANTONIETTA MARRA (Tit.)
- Teaching style
- Lingua Insegnamento
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Knowledge and understanding:
- To know the main principles of linguistic theory and linguistic analysis.
- To know the main problems about different levels of linguistic analysis.
Applying knowledge and understanding
- To know how to apply theoretical tools to linguistic analysis, also from a comparative point of view, starting from Italian language.
– To be able to recognize linguistic elements, also from a comparative point of view, starting from Italian.
- To be able to analyse linguistic data and to formulate judgments and personal interpretations.
– To know how to carry out analysis and synthesis of linguistic problems.
– To reach metalinguistic awareness about linguistic forms and processes, starting from Italian language, in an inter-linguistic perspective.
– To be able to interpret linguistic data and to process autonomous judgments and interpretations.
– To be able to evaluate personal interpretation of the information available in communicative exchanges.
– To be able to use the basic specialized lexicon of the discipline in the description of linguistic realities.
Lifelong Learning Skills
– To be able to use the acquired knowledge in order to describe and analyse linguistic phenomena of the languages studied and of the present in the students’ personal repertoire.
Knowledge of Italian grammar.
Definition, status and aims of the discipline.
Communication and the sign.
Language as system of signs and the nature of linguistic sign.
Main properties of language.
Levels of linguistic analysis.
- different fields of phonetics
- phono-articulatory organs
- laryngeal mechanism
- main parameters for articulatory classification of vowels and consonants
- IPA alphabet and phonetic transcription
- basics of intersegmental phonetics
- basics of oversegmental phonetics
- phone and phoneme
- commutation test and minimal pairs
- free and combinatory variants
- distinctive traits theory
- phonology of Italian language
- basics of phonology about foreign languages in the curriculum
- the notion of “word”
- double articulation
- morpheme, morphe and allomorphe
- types oh morpheme: positional and functional classifications
- main morphological processes
- inflectional categories and agreement
- Valency theory
- immediate constituents analysis
- combination of constituents: syntactic functions, semantic and thematic roles
- basics of text linguistics.
- meaning relations among lexemes
- componential and prototypical analysis.
Basics of typology.
Basics of language variation and change.
Exercises of phonetic transcription and linguistic analysis (morphology, syntax).
Verification of learning
In order to assess the learning process, the examination will focus on the contents of the lectures, on practise sessions, and on the textbook indicated in the reference bibliography.
There will be an interim test (not mandatory but highly recommended and addressed to the students attending classes, related to the first part of the programme), and a final test (organized in two sections, related to the first and the second parts of the programme). The students who pass the interim test with a rating from 18 to 30 will limit the final exam to the second part of the programme. Those who do not pass the interim test will be examined for the whole programme of the course.
The verification and evaluation test aims at verifying acquired knowledge and skills through different kinds of questions: multiple-choice, short-answer and essay questions.
Criteria for the final mark.
The final mark depends on the level of individual learning outcomes for both sections of the programme. In particular:
- for multiple-choice questions, the correct choice of options will be evaluated;
- for short-answer and essay questions the evaluation will consider correctness, accuracy, completeness and depth of the required content as well as the correct use of the technical language. In order to pass the exam (that means to reach a mark higher than 18/30), students must demonstrate that they have gained sufficient knowledge of the themes related to the basics of the discipline and the various levels of sociolinguistic analysis, and to be able to apply theoretical notions to specific cases. To achieve a score of 30/30 with honours, students must demonstrate that they have gained an excellent knowledge of all the topics of lectures and reference bibliography, and that they are able to apply the theoretical notions to specific cases, accurately using the special language of the discipline.
- Berruto Gaetano, Cerruti Massimo, 2011, La linguistica. Un corso introduttivo, Torino, UTET.
- Maturi Pietro, 2009 (seconda edizione o successive), I suoni delle lingue, i suoni dell'italiano, Bologna, Il Mulino.
- Graffi Giorgio, Scalise Sergio, 2013, Le lingue e il linguaggio. Introduzione alla linguistica, Bologna, IlMulino: cap.5- La struttura delle parole: morfologia, pp. 113-152 e cap. 7-La combinazione delle parole: sintassi, pp.169-207.
Lessons will be held in the first semester, beginning in October.
Lecture presentations and other teaching material will be available on the teacher’s website.
Attending classes is highly recommended, also in order to be able to submit to the interim test.
For non-attending students: please contact the teacher in order to receive further infos readings for the part of the programme you have not attended.