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Second Semester 
Teaching style
Lingua Insegnamento

Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)
[40/43]  MIDWIFERY [43/00 - Ord. 2011]  PERCORSO COMUNE 6 48


Training Objectives
The student will have to:

- understand and acquire the knowledge required for understanding the mechanisms of physiology and physiopathology of human reproduction, of gynecological and obstetric physiology , of clinical and instrumental semiotics gynecological and obstetric care , of the integration of health promotion programs in obstetrics and gynecology , of methods of identification of the causes of disease in obstetrics and gynecology for the identification of healthy lifestyles and vaccination plans , necessary for the acquisition of specific care skills of professional obstetrical practice to the woman accompanying the physiological development of their reproductive potential and for the proper management and supervision of normal pregnancy ;

- understand and acquire adequate knowledge to reach the awareness of health interventions required in the profession;

- understand and use the correct terminology and a descriptive process organized and understandable of phenomena;

- apply the methodology of work group in hospitals and outside hospitals .


knowledge of human physiology and anatomy


Summary Obstet/Gynecol
Anatomy and Embryology : the female reproductive anatomy and overview of the male reproductive organs;
Physiology and Endocrinology : function of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis, particularly in the ovarian cycle;
Instrumental diagnostics : ultrasound, colposcopy and colpocytology (PAT test), endoscopic techniques (hysteroscopy and laparoscopy);
Infertility and assisted reproduction techniques (ART);
Pregnancy : the development of the fetus and the annexes , changes in the pregnant woman, diagnosis, care and development of physiological pregnancy.

Course content summary
General and Applied Hygiene
Knowledge of the main arguments of hygiene; knowledge of the major communicable and non-infectious diseases, and of the main epidemiological measures; understanding of the complex health/environment relationship; implement interventions aimed at individual and public health

Detailed program Gynecology and Obstetrics
1. Review of anatomy of the female pelvic region and overview of the male reproductive organs
2. Endocrine hypothalamus-pituitary-ovarian axis
3. Ovarian cycle and menstrual cycle
4. Prolactin and control the secretion of gonadotropins
5. Diagnostic endocrinological Methods
6. Gynecological Semiotics
7. Imaging diagnostic methods in Gynecology
8. Colposcopy and colpocytology methods
9. Endoscopic Diagnostics (laparoscopy and hysteroscopy)
10. Physiological pubertal development
11. Lifestyle and prevention of disorders in adolescence
12. Recalls of gametogenesis and fertilization
13. Definition & sterility and infertility Causes
14. Diagnostic routes in the couple's infertility
15. Treatment options in the couple's infertility including medically assisted procreation (PMA)
16. Anatomy and physiology of the fetus
17. Physiological fetal development
18. Physiology placental and amniotic system
19. Physiology pregnancy
20. Pregnancy Diagnosis
21. Semiotics midwife
22. Pregnancy Hygiene
23. Support to the development of normal pregnancy
24. Diagnostic techniques for monitoring of fetal wellbeing

General and Applied Hygiene
General concepts of hygiene, definition and
indicators of health and disease
General aspects of epidemiology
Main epidemiological measures
Risk Factors. Measures of association and impact
Epidemiological studies and their classification
Definition and articulation of prevention
Natural history of disease and general model of infectious diseases
Prevention of infectious diseases
Disinfection and sterilization procedures
Vaccines and vaccination
Hospital infections and biological risk in healt care workers
Infectious Diseases in Pregnancy

Teaching Methods

frontal lessons.
To meet specific educational needs related to the epidemiological situation, the possibility of live streaming lessons or recordings of the same available online is provided.

Verification of learning

Oral examination
Learning outcomes about of
Knowledge and understanding:
The student will have to demonstrate that he have acquired the theoretical basic knowledge about of
• anatomy , including aspects of embryogenesis , physiology and endocrinology female reproductive tract in preparation to and during the period of pregnancy as a prerequisite and the use of various methods and instrumental diagnostic techniques in obstetrics and gynecology;
• concepts of diagnostic and treatment options in the infertile couple and become aware that the results obtained in the treatment of sterility arising from coordinated and harmonious convergence of different skills.

Applying knowledge and understanding:
the student must demonstrate the ability to apply what they learned in the obstetrics and gynecology , about of assistance of physiological pregnancy , on the management of the couple with infertility or sterility problems , including the main methods of medically assisted procreation (PMA) and his collaborative role in this area;

Making judgments:
the student must acquire a progressive independent judgment through the continuous comparison between what he learn in class and what he have learned through self-study , using the recommended texts and other sources of information , and demonstrate that autonomy for :
• be able to provide personalized obstetrical assistance,
• act responsibly during the obstetric practice ,
• act during the professional practice in accordance with the Code of Ethics
• recognize the differences of the work and responsibilities between his profession and that of other operators;

Communication skills:
the student must demonstrate that he have developed the following communicative skills :
• learn and use the specific language for communication with users and their families , in order to properly inform the woman about issues of reproductive life, pregnancy and childbirth;
• use appropriate language to establish professional relationships with other health professionals in order to improve care during obstetric practice and realize the care team to apply and develop support protocols

Learning skills:
the student must develop the following learning skills :
• self-learning skills and self-assessment of their skills
• integrated self-study skills with the knowledge from secondary sources ( biomedical databases, scientific publications , etc )
• collaboration and knowledge sharing within the team work.


- “Ginecologia e Ostetricia” di G. Pescetto, L. De Cecco, D. Pecorari e N. Ragni – Società Editrice Universo (SEU) - IV edizione – 2009 – pagine 1250

General and Applied Hygiene
Meloni C. Igiene per le lauree delle professioni sanitarie. CEA-Casa Editrice Ambrosiana, 2009

More Information

The slides of the lessons will be made available.

How to reach the professor:
Valerio Mais, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Gynecology (SSD MED/40)
Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologica, Dipartimento di Scienze Chirurgiche, Pad. Q, Policlinico “D.Casula", Monserrato,

How to meet the professor:
Students should send a mail to the professor asking for a meeting with him in the professor room at "Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologica, IV piano, Blocco Q, Policlinico "D.Casula", Monserrato"

Questionnaire and social

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