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Second Semester 
Teaching style
Lingua Insegnamento

Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)


Educational objectives of teaching
At the end of the course, students should have an understanding of the foundations of ecology of populations and plant communities (vegetation science) and their relations with landscape ecology. They should be able to interpret and to propose solutions for the study, management and conservation of the vegetation component of the landscape at different scale.

Knowledge, skills and behaviors expected with reference to the learning objectives
Knowledge (know): Understanding the role of the plant component, as ecological indicator, in a multiscale and multitemporal context; knowing how to detect the natural processes and the anthropogenic disturbances and understand their importance in the applied context; knowing the tools suitable for acquiring a professionalism in the field of planning, management and conservation of the territory.
Skills/ability (to be able to do): To know how to manage and to propose appropriate methods and techniques for dealing with the evaluation, monitoring and management of the plant component in different environmental contexts; to propose solutions for dealing with the study and the issues related to the management and conservation of plant diversity at different scale.
Behavior (to be able to be):
know the tools you need to be able to address the issues of environmental and applied botany, using the theories and the most innovative and appropriate tools, knowing also how to work with the advice of other professionals.


Knowledge of the basic concepts of: ecology, systematic botany and environmental botany according to the programs provided during the course of the undergraduate degree. Knowledge of the English language at a level that would permit the study of texts in English language (B1/B2).


Plant communities: structure, composition, ecology. Diversity and ecosystem functions. Plant functional types and traits. Spatial distribution of plant communities. Invasive Species and plant communities. Relations climate/vegetation. Stress and disturbance (natural and anthropic). Dynamics of vegetation. Vegetation and habitat. Main types of vegetation in Italy.
Landscape Ecology and management of the landscape
Genesis, structure, function and change. The model patches, corridors, matrices and alternative models of landscape. The hierarchical classification of the territory. Diversity; heterogeneity; connectivity and fragmentation. Ecological Networks. Conservation, management and restoration of the vegetation. Habitats included in the Habitats Directive (92 /43/EEC ) Natura 2000 network. Design and sampling methods for the study and monitoring of plant diversity; cartographic representations; analysis of data.

Teaching Methods

Lectures 32 hours. Laboratory / Field 24 hours. Lessons with use of slide and overhead projector. Interactive lesson with the use of educational material in the classroom and case study analysis. Field activities and laboratory work at individual and group level.
As reported in the General Manifesto of Studies for A.A. 2021/2022 (page 12). The teaching will be provided
mainly in presence, integrated and "augmented" with online strategies, in order to guarantee its
fruition in an innovative and inclusive way

Verification of learning

The students must demonstrate that they have attained the learning outcomes defined in the section objectives. The questions will focus on three main topics of the course: plant ecology, landscape ecology and description and interpretation of plant communities. The final exam is oral with attribution of a final vote. The score of the final examination is attributed with a vote expressed in thirtieths: active student participation will be evaluated during lectures, tutorials and field trips. To pass the exam, and achieve a vote of at least 18/30, students must demonstrate that they have achieved a sufficient preparation compared to the expected learning outcomes as defined in the section objectives. To achieve a score of 30/30 marks, the student must demonstrate that he has acquired an excellent preparation compared to learning outcomes above and ability to relate the knowledge acquired during the course.


Basic literature
Caryl L. Elzinga,Daniel W. Salzer,John W. Willoughby, James P. Gibbs 2001. Monitoring Plant and Animal Populations: A Handbook for Field Biologists Blackwell

Bacchetta G., Bagella S., Biondi E., Farris E., Filigheddu R., Mossa L. 2009 - Vegetazione forestale e serie di vegetazione della Sardegna (con rappresentazione cartografica alla scala 1:350.000). Fitosociologia, 46(1), suppl. 1: 3-82.

Blasi (eds) (2010) La Vegetazione d´Italia con Carta delle Serie di Vegetazione in scala 1:500.000

Blasi C., Boitani L., La Posta S., Manes F. e Marchetti M.(Eds.), 2005. Stato della biodiversità in Italia. Palombi Editori.

Fowler /Cohen 2010. Statistica per ornitologi e naturalisti Franco Muzzio Editore ISBN-10: 8874132220

Magurran A.E. 2003. Measuring biological diversity. Blackwell Publishing.
Kent M. & Coker P., 1992. Vegetation description and analysis. A practical approach. CRC Press.

The teacher will also provide scientific articles and booklets on specific themes, mainly in English.

More Information

Instruments used for the lecture:
computer, overhead projector, slide projector.
Instruments used during the didactics in the lab: computer, thematic digital maps.
Instruments for self-learning: texts of the lessons; handouts; scientific articles; internet sites.

Questionnaire and social

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