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First Semester 
Teaching style
Lingua Insegnamento

Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)


Mod. A (teacher: prof. T. Gargiulo) represents an ‘institutional’ discipline aiming to provide a solid and reliable knowledge of the linguistic categories proper to the Homeric language, analysing and pointing out in detail its components (Aeolic and Ionic dialects, archaisms going back to Mycenaean Greek, artificial forms). This will be done through both a theoretical survey of the various theories put forward in XIX and XX centuries by scholars and a reading of a couple of Odyssean books.
This should enable the student to recognize and analyse forms and phenomena present in Greek epic poetry, as well as to appraise the character, quality and purposes of a Greek literary text, from a linguistic and stylistic point of view.
Mod. B (teacher: prof. P. Mureddu).
The teaching, with the direct involvement of students in the first reading of the text, aims to sharpen the perception of the stylistic, literary, compositional and contextual characteristics of Greek literary texts such Aristophanes' Plutus and Theophrast' Characters, which will be the object of the course. A specific attention will be devoted to philological, rhetorical and historical aspects of the texts. At the conclusion of the course, the student will be able to deal with problems of interpretation and translation as well as to make a correct use of the sources.
Attending this course students may develop: aesthetic sense, critical thinking, accuracy and attention to details, attitude to analysis and scientific research.


The student should have a good knowledge of basic Greek grammar, acquired in the classical secondary school, and the knowledge of the historical development of Greek literature; he will have already attended courses involving the translation and interpretation of Greek texts.


Mod. A.
This part of the course will consist in a survey of the various theories on the origin and the components of the Homeric language proposed by scholars since the 19th century. Od. IX will be read during the lessons.

Mod. B.
The course consists of the reading of Aristophanes’ “Plutus”and some “Characters” of Theophrast, with particular attention to their literary and linguistic aspects and qualities.

Teaching Methods

Lectures. However, teaching will also be carried out through a direct and active involvement of students (cooperative learning).

Verification of learning

Mod. A. Oral examination. Students will be required to show a reliable knowledge of the linguistic subject-matters concerning the history of the Homeric text and language (phonology, morphology, dialect variety). Students will be tested about a number of passages of Od. IX and one more book selected by each student. Alongside a proper knowledge of the relevant topics (exactness and completeness of answers),the comprehensive assessment will consider the student’s command of an appropriate technical terminology.

Mod. B. Oral examination. Students will be required to deal with confidence with the interpretation of a text of Greek literature that involves a certain level of difficulty and to comment on its literary, stylistic and expressive peculiarities.
Written Test: Students will be invited to draft a brief paper on one of the topics of the course of greatest interest to the student.


Mod. A:
Mod. A: The reading of Od. IX will follow the critical text established by A. Heubeck, Omero Odissea volume III (libri IX-XII), traduzione di G.A. Privitera, Fondazione L. Valla-Mondadori, Milano 1983 (first edition), oppure 2003 (ninth edition). A fundamental reference book is P. Chantraine, Grammaire Homérique, I, II, Paris 1958, 1963.

Modulo B: The reading of the “Plutus” will follow the critical text established by N.G. Wilson, Aristophanis fabulae II, Oxford 2007, pp. 267-326; it is also recommended “Aristofane. Pluto”, introduzione, traduzione e note di Guido Paduano, Milano (BUR) 1988. For the reading of Theophrast’s Characters students will receive xerox copies of the edition by G.Pasquali, “Teofrasto. I caratteri”, Firenze 1956.

More Information

Other essential or useful materials will be provided (xerox) during the lessons.
The teacher’s office hours will be made known together with the class schedules.
E-mail: or /
Skype: tristanoga
Students are warmly invited to attend the lectures given during the year by guest scholars.

Questionnaire and social

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