Select Academic Year:     2016/2017 2017/2018 2018/2019 2019/2020 2020/2021 2021/2022
First Semester 
Teaching style
Lingua Insegnamento

Informazioni aggiuntive

Course Curriculum CFU Length(h)


The course provides the basic concepts of ecological sciences and the mechanisms which control the structure and functioning of biological systems, including processes and interactions between biotic and abiotic compartments.

Environmental Botany module (BIO/03)
The course aims to provide basic knowledge on the relationship between plants and territory. In particular, it aims at defining the biogeographical distribution and ecological characteristics of the vegetation.
Knowledge (knowledge): Understanding the role of the plant component, knowing how to interpret the natural processes and anthropogenic disturbances that determine the distribution of plants on a local and global scale
Skills / Capabilities (know-how): Knowing how to manage and propose appropriate methods and techniques to describe and interpret the plant landscape
Behaviors (knowing how to be): Knowing the necessary tools to be able to deal with the issues of environmental and applied botany


Ecology module (BIO / 07)
Fundamental knowledge in Chemistry, Animal biology and Plant biology

Environmental Botany module (BIO/03)
Extensive knowledge of systematic Botany and basic knowledge of Geology, physical Geography and Cartography.


Ecology module (BIO / 07)
Chapters refer to the recommended book (Odum & Barrett)
The purpose of ecology (Chap. 1).
Regional Ecology (Chap. 10)
Global Ecology (Chap. 11)
The Ecosystem (Chap. 2).
Energy in ecological systems (Chapter 3).
Ecosystem development (Chapter 8).
Limiting and regulatory factors (Chap. 5).
The biogeochemical cycles (Chap. 4).
Population Ecology (Chap. 6)
Community Ecology (Chap. 7)
The extended and detailed program is available on the teacher's personal website

Environmental Botany Module (BIO / 03)
PLANTS AND THE ENVIRONMENT Abiotic and biotic component: climate and climatic factors; phytoclimatology and bioclimatic indices; Lithology, geomorphology and soil; The natural and anthropogenic disturbance; Concepts of flora and vegetation.
PHYTOGEOGRAPHY The origin and diffusion of plant entities: the center of origin, of diffusion and the representation of the areas. Range of species’ distribution: characteristics, shape and dimensions; geographical and ecological vicariance; definition of chorotype, geographical and taxonomic relics. Floristic subdivisions of the biosphere - Floristic territories: kingdoms, regions, provinces and floristic districts. The chorological elements of the Italian flora and the phytogeographic regionalization of Italy. The chorological spectra. History of flora and vegetation - hotspots of biodiversity and plant diversity in the Mediterranean. Outline of biological invasions.
VEGETATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL DYNAMICS Biological forms, growth forms and biological spectra; Synchronic and diachronic analyzes, terrestrial ecotones, analysis of ecological gradients. The zonal, zonal and extrazonal vegetation. The dynamics of vegetation: primary and secondary successions, fluctuations; the concept of potential natural vegetation. Main types of vegetation in Italy. Vegetation cartography. Notes on the main national and international policies and regulations for the protection of plant diversity and the community.

Teaching Methods

As reported in the General Manifesto of Studies for A.A. 2021/2022 (page 12). The teaching will be provided mainly in presence, integrated and "augmented" with online strategies, in order to guarantee its fruition in an innovative and inclusive way
Ecology module (BIO / 07)
Classroom lectures through Power Point presentations
Laboratory exercises at DISVA and at the LIVING-LAB at Santa Gilla (Laboratorio Sperimentale di Acquacoltura)
Field trips in coastal Lagoons (Santa Gilla), Molentargius Regional Park; freshwater habitat;
Use of laboratory instruments and field equipment;
Classroom discussions on current environmental issues
Computer exercises and analysis of ecological data using specific software (GS +; Brodgar)
Practical exercises for the bibliographic research of
scientific articles: how to construct a scientific article

Environmental Botany Module (BIO / 03)
Lectures, exercises on biological and chorological spectra, on bioclimatic indices, on the use of online resources; excursions and field experiences

Verification of learning

Final exam: oral (permitted for students who attended 60% of lectures and 100% labs)
Partial exam: quiz
Exam reservation: on-line
Language: italian
Commission: Piero Addis, Serenella Cabiddu, Antonio Pusceddu, Marco Secci

Environmental Botany module (BIO/03)
Oral examination (permitted for students who attended 60% of lectures and 80% labs) at verifying how the students is able to understand the conceptual bases of applied and environmental botany.
The students must demonstrate that they have attained the learning outcomes defined in the section objectives. The questions will focus on three main topics of the course:description and interpretation of plant communities e abiotic/biotic relationships. The final exam is oral with attribution of a final vote. The score of the final examination is attributed with a vote expressed in thirtieths: active student participation will be evaluated during lectures, tutorials and field trips. To pass the exam, and achieve a vote of at least 18/30, students must demonstrate that they have achieved a sufficient preparation compared to the expected learning outcomes as defined in the section objectives. To achieve a score of 30/30 marks, the student must demonstrate that he has acquired an excellent preparation compared to learning outcomes above and ability to relate the knowledge acquired during the course.


The reference textbooks can be found at the Biomedical library of the University Citadel of Monserrato
In-depth articles and specialist texts will be suggested during the course

Ecology module (BIO/07)
ODUM & BARRET - Fondamenti di Ecologia, PICCIN
TOWNSEND C.R., HARPER J.L., BEGON M. Lessenziale di Ecologia, Zanichelli;
RICKLEFS R.E. Ecologia, Zanichelli

Environmental Botany module (BIO/03)
Pignatti S., 1995. Ecologia vegetale. UTET, Torino.
Ubaldi D.,2003. Flora, fitocenosi e ambiente. Elementi di Geobotanica e Fitosociologia. CLUEB.
Blasi C. & Biondi E. 2017. La flora in Italia. Ministero dell'Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio e del Mare, pp. 704. Sapienza Università Editrice, Roma
disponibile all'indirizzo:
Thompson John 2020. Plant Evolution in the Mediterranean: Insights for conservation Oxford University Press; 2nd edition
ISBN-13: 978-0198835141
ISBN-10: 0198835140

More Information

The teaching material used in the classroom will be made available to students after class.

Questionnaire and social

Share on: