Dipartimento di Ingegneria elettrica ed elettronica

Alessandro  Pilloni (M.Sc.'10, Ph.D.'13, IEEE Member ‘19) is currently Assistant Professor at the University of Cagliari, Dept. Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Italy. Since 2010 he has lectured in the courses of Automatic Control, and Nonlinear Control for Engineers, and he currently teaches the master degree course of Stochastic Processes.

His research interests include nonlinear control and variable structure control theory and its application to control, observation, and fault detection for finite and infinite-dimensional dynamical systems. Fields of specialization include the control and observation for distributed-parameter systems and multi-agent systems theory, with focus on cooperative control and optimization over networks. Recent applications include the distributed control of smart grids and the coordination smart loads for demand-side management purposes. Dr. Pilloni has spent visiting periods at universities and research centers in UK, Spain, and Serbia. He co-authored 1 industrial patent, 13 papers on international journals, 5 chapters in monographic books of international relevance, and 30+ papers in international conference proceedings, for which he received more than 500+ citations and an h-index of 11 (source: Google Scholar)

He is currently qualified for access to a position of Associate Professor (professore di II fascia) in the scientific area 09/G1 AUTOMATICA - ING-INF/04, with validity from 31/01/2022 to 31/01/2031 (art. 16, comma 1, Legge 240/10).

He also served as system engineer and technical consultant for local small and medium-sized enterprises.

Research interests

Variable structure control theory and sliding mode control

Observation and control of complex networked systems

Multi-agent control and distributed optimization

Microgrid Control and Renewable Distributed Generation;

Demand Side Management in Urban Areas

Thermal systems and Distributed Parameter Systems

Academic indicators (30/06/2022)

Area: 09/G1 AUTOMATICA - ING-INF/04

Patents: 1

Journal papers: 12

Chapters in monographic books: 5

Conference proceedings: 30+

Citations: 524 (Google Scholar); 426 (Scopus)

H-index: 11 (Google Scholar); 9 (Scopus)

Patents

[P1] “Metodo ed architettura di gestione della domanda energetica di tipo multi-agente per la riduzione dei picchi di consumo elettrico di una pluralità di apparecchiature elettriche” Inventors: Franceschelli M., Pisano A., Pilloni, A., Gasparri A. Reference number 102018000006385, date 15/06/2018.

International Journals

[J14] Orlov Y., Pilloni A., Pisano A., Usai E. (2022) “Boundary control of an uncertain heat process with unmatched disturbance and dynamic actuator”, in IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL (under review).
[J13] Pilloni A., Pisano A., Usai E. (2022) “A global finite-time stable first-order sliding-mode strong observer with certain semi-global fixed-time convergence characteristics”, in IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL (under review).
[J12] Kaheni M., Pilloni A., Ruda G. S., Usai E., Franceschelli M., "Distributed Asynchronous Greedy Control of Large Networks of Thermostatically Controlled Loads for Electric Demand Response," in IEEE CONTROL SYSTEM LETTERS, 2022, doi: 10.1109/LCSYS.2022.3186617.
[J11] Koch S., Pilloni A., Pisano A., Usai  E. (2022). Sliding-Mode Boundary Control of an In-Line Heating System Governed by Coupled PDE/ODE Dynamics. IEEE TRANSACTION ON CONTROL SYSTEM TECHNOLOGY, doi: 10.1109/TCST.2022.3147373
[J10] Pilloni A., Deplano D., Giua A., Usai E. (2021). A Sliding Mode Observer design for the Average State Estimation in Large-Scale Systems. IEEE CONTROL SYSTEMS LETTERS, vol. 6, p. 632-637, ISSN: 2475-1456, doi: 10.1109/LCSYS.2021.3084526
[J9] Gholami M., Pilloni A., Pisano A., Usai E. (2021). Robust distributed secondary voltage restoration control of ac microgrids under multiple communication delays. ENERGIES, vol. 14, p. 1-22, ISSN: 1996-1073, doi: 10.3390/en14041165
[J8] Pisano A., Orlov Y., Pilloni A., Usai E. (2020). Combined Backstepping/Second-Order Sliding-Mode Boundary Stabilization of an Unstable Reaction-Diffusion Process. IEEE CONTROL SYSTEMS LETTERS, vol. 4, p. 391-396, ISSN: 2475-1456, doi: 10.1109/LCSYS.2019.2927185
[J7] Pilloni A., Franceschelli M., Pisano A., Usai A. (2020). Sliding mode based robustification of consensus and distributed optimization control protocols. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL, p. 1-8, ISSN: 1558-2523, doi: 10.1109/TAC.2020.2991694
[J6] Franceschelli M., Pilloni A., Gasparri A. (2020). Multi-Agent Coordination of Thermostatically Controlled Loads by Smart Power Sockets for Electric Demand Side Management. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON CONTROL SYSTEMS TECHNOLOGY, p. 1-13, ISSN: 1063-6536, doi: 10.1109/TCST.2020.2974181
[J5] Pilloni A., Franceschelli M., Pisano A., Usai E. (2019). Delta modulation (Delta-M) via second-order sliding-mode control technique. CONTROL ENGINEERING PRACTICE, vol. 92, p. 1-10, ISSN: 0967-0661, doi: 10.1016/j.conengprac.2019.104129
[J4] Pilloni A., Pisano A., Usai E. (2018). Robust Finite-Time Frequency and Voltage Restoration of Inverter-Based Microgrids via Sliding-Mode Cooperative Control. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, vol. 65, p. 907-917, ISSN: 0278-0046, doi:10.1109/TIE.2017.2726970
[J3] Orlov, Y., Pisano, A., Pilloni, A., Usai, E. (2017). Output feedback stabilization of coupled reaction-diffusion processes with constant parameters. SIAM JOURNAL ON CONTROL AND OPTIMIZATION, vol. 55, p. 4112-4155, ISSN: 0363-0129, doi: 10.1137/15M1034325
[J2] Pilloni A., Pisano A., Orlov Y., Usai E. (2016). Consensus-Based Control for a Network of Diffusion PDEs with Boundary Local Interaction. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON AUTOMATIC CONTROL, vol. 61, p. 2708-2713, ISSN: 0018-9286, doi:10.1109/TAC.2015.2506990
[J1] Pilloni A., Pisano A., Usai E. (2015). Observer-Based Air Excess Ratio Control of a PEM Fuel Cell System via High-Order Sliding Mode. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS, vol. 62, p. 5236-5246, ISSN: 0278-0046, doi:10.1109/TIE.2015.2412520

Book chapters

[B5] A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, Y. Orlov, E. Usai. (2022) Second-order sliding mode leader-follower consensus for networked uncertain di?usion PDEs with spatially-varying di?usivity. In: Sliding-Mode Control and Variable-Structure Systems. Springer Nature Switzerland. (to appear)
[B4] Pilloni A., Gholami M., Pisano A., Usai E. (2020). On the Robust Distributed Secondary Control of Islanded Inverter-Based Microgrids. Studies in Systems, Decision and Control. STUDIES IN SYSTEMS, DECISION AND CONTROL, vol. 271, p. 309-357, Gewerbestr: Springer Nature Switzerland AG, ISBN: 978-3-030-36620-9, ISSN:2198-4182, doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-36621-6_11
[B3] Pilloni, Alessandro, Pisano, Alessandro, Usai, Elio (2018). Robustification of cooperative consensus algorithms in perturbed multi-agents systems. In Variable Structure Systems and Sliding Mode Control. Theory and Applications. STUDIES IN SYSTEMS, DECISION AND CONTROL, vol. 115, p. 247-267, Cham:Springer, ISBN: 978-3-319-62896-7, ISSN: 2198-4182, doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-62896-7_10
[B2] G. Fadda, M. Franceschelli, A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, E. Usai, Z. Ðurovic, A. Marjanovic, V. Papic, P. Tadic, S. Vujnovic, “RObust Decentralised Estimation fOr large-scale systems (RODEO)”, in Serbia – Italia: Italian - Serbian Cooperation on Science, Technology and Humanities (P. R. Andjus and P. Battinelli Eds.), ISBN 978-86-7522-048-0, pp. 45-50, SIGRa star, Belgrade, 2015.
[B1] Pilloni A., Pisano A., Riera Guasp M., Puche Panadero R., Pineda Sanchez M. (2013). Fault Detection in Induction Motors. In: AC Electric Motors Control: Advanced Design Techniques and Applications. vol. 1, p. 275-309, Chichester, West Sussex, England:John Wiley and Sons, ISBN: 978-1-118-33152-1, doi:10.1002/9781118574263.ch14

International conference proceedings

[C24] Pilloni A., Pisano A., Usai E. (2022) “A global finite-time stable first-order sliding-mode strong observer with certain semi-global fixed-time convergence characteristics”. In: 2022 16th International Workshop on Variable Structure Systems (VSS); (accepted)
[C23] Kaheni M., Pilloni A., Serra Ruda G., Usai E., Franceschelli M. (2022) "Distributed Asynchronous Greedy Control of Large Networks of Thermostatically Controlled Loads for Electric Demand Response", In: 61st IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC 2022); (accepted)
[C22] Pilloni A., Deplano D., Giua A., Usai E. (2021). A Sliding Mode Observer design for the Average State Estimation in Large-Scale Systems" In: 60th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC 2021), Austin, Texas (USA)- December 13th-17th 2021.
[C21] Pisano A., Orlov Y., Pilloni A., Usai E. (2019). Combined Backstepping/Second-Order Sliding-Mode Boundary Stabilization of an Unstable Reaction-Diffusion Process.", In: 58th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC 2019), Nice, France - December 11th-13th 2019.
[C20] M. Franceschelli, A. Pilloni, A. Gasparri. “A heuristic approach for online distributed optimization of multi-agent networks of smart sockets and thermostatically controlled loads based on dynamic average consensus.” In: Proceedings of the 16th European Control Conference (ECC 2018). p. 2541-2548, 345 E 47TH ST, NEW YORK, NY 10017 USA: IEEE, Limassol (Cyprus), June 12-15, 2018, doi: 10.23919/ECC.2018.8550337
[C19] M. Gholami, A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, E. Usai. “On the robust distributed control of inverter-based microgrids”. 5th International Conference IcETRAN, ISBN 978?86?7466?752-1, pp. 615-622. 2018.
[C18] M. Gholami, A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, Z. A. Sanai Dashti, E. Usai. “Robust consensus-based secondary voltage restoration of inverter-based islanded microgrids with delayed communications”. In: 2016 IEEE 55th Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2016. p. 6952-6957, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., New York, NY 10017 USA:Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., ISBN: 978-1-5386-1395-5, ISSN: 0743-1546, Centre of the Fontainebleau in Miami Beach, USA, 2018, doi: 10.1109/CDC.2018.8619774
[C17] A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, E. Usai. “High Accuracy Sigma-Delta Modulator implementation via Suboptimal Quasi-Sliding Mode Control”, In: 2018 15th International Workshop on Variable Structure Systems (VSS). p. 438-443, Piscataway, New Jersey: IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, ISBN: 9781538664391, Graz, Austria, 9-11 July 2018, doi: 10.1109/VSS.2018.8460315
[C16] A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, E. Usai. “Voltage Restoration of Islanded Microgrids via Cooperative Second-Order Sliding Mode Control”, In: IFAC-PapersOnLine. IFAC-PAPERSONLINE, vol. 50, p. 9637-9642, Elsevier B.V., ISSN: 2405-8963, Toulouse, France, 9-14 July 2017, doi:10.1016/j.ifacol.2017.08.1723
[C15] A. Pisano, M. Franceschelli, A. Pilloni, Y. Shtessel, E. Usai, J. A. Cosby “Retaining Connectivity in Mobile Communication Mesh Networks”, In: IFAC-papersonline. IFAC-PAPERSONLINE, vol. 50, p. 800-807, ISSN: 2405-8963, Tolosa, Francia, 2017, doi: 10.1016/j.ifacol.2017.08.143
[C14] A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, M. Franceschelli, E. Usai. “Robust distributed consensus on the median value for networks of heterogeneously perturbed agents.” In: 2016 IEEE 55th Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2016. p. 6952-6957, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc., ISBN: 9781509018376, Las vegas, Nevada, USA, 2016, doi: 10.1109/CDC.2016.7799340
[C13] A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, M. Franceschelli, E. Usai. “Integral sliding modes for the robusti?cation of consensus-based multi-agent based systems.” In: 2016 14th International Workshop on Variable Structure Systems (VSS). p. 222-227, ISBN: 9781467397889, Nanjing, China, 1-4 June 2016, doi:10.1109/VSS.2016.7506920
[C12] A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, M. Franceschelli, E. Usai. “A discontinuous algorithm for distributed convex optimization.” In: 2016 14th International Workshop on Variable Structure Systems (VSS). p. 22-27, IEEE Computer Society, ISBN: 9781467397889, Nanjing, China, 1-4 June 2016, doi: 10.1109/VSS.2016.7506884
[C11] A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, Y. Orlov, E. Usai. “Distributed tracking for a network of parabolic PDEs with consensus-based boundary local interaction.” In: IFAC-PapersOnLine. IFAC-PAPERSONLINE, vol. 49, p. 228-233, ISSN: 2405-8963, Bertinoro, Italy, 13-15 June 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.ifacol.2016.07.446
[C10] G. Fadda, A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, E. Usai, A. Marjanovi?, S. Vujnovi?. “Multiple fault diagnosis by signature recognition of time-varying residuals.” In: Conference on Control and Fault-Tolerant Systems, SysTol. p. 245-250, IEEE Computer Society, ISBN:9781509006588, Faculty of Mathematics, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya (UPC), esp, 7-9 September 2016, doi: 10.1109/SYSTOL.2016.7739758
[C9] G. Fadda, A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, E. Usai. “Sensor fault diagnosis in water-steam power plant: A combined observer-based pattern-recognition approach.” In: Proceedings 2015 Int. Workshop on Recent Advances in Sliding Modes, (RASM 2015). Istanbul, Turkey, 9-11 April, 2015
[C8] A. Pilloni, M. Franceschelli, A. Pisano, E. Usai. “Recent advances in sliding-mode based consensus strategies.” In  IEEE, Variable Structure Systems (VSS), 2014 13th International Workshop on. p. 1-6, IEEE Computer Society, ISBN:978-147995566-4, Nantes, France, June 29 2014-July 2 2014, doi:10.1109/VSS.2014.6881155
[C7] A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, M. Franceschelli, E. Usai. “Finite-Time Consensus for a Network of Perturbed Double Integrators by Second-Order Sliding Mode Technique.” In IEEE, Proceedings of the 52th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC 2013). p. 2145-2150, Piscataway (NJ):IEEE, ISBN: 978-146735717-3, Florence, Italy, 10-13 Dicembre 2013, doi:10.1109/CDC.2013.6760199
[C6] M. Franceschelli, A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, A. Giua, E. Usai. “Finite-Time Consensus with Disturbance Attenuation for Directed Switching Network Topologies by Discontinuous Local Interactions.” In  IEEE, Proceedings of the 52th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC 2013). p. 2611-2616, Piscataway (NJ):IEEE, ISBN: 978-146735717-3, Florence, Italy, 10-13 Dicembre 2013, doi: 10.1109/CDC.2013.6760276
[C5] A. Pilloni, E. Usai, C. Edwards, A. Pisano, P. P. Menon. “Decentralized state estimation in connected systems.” In IFAC-Elsevier, Proceedings of 5th Symposium on System Structure and Control, 2013 IFAC Joint Conference SSSC. p. 421-426, Kidlington,Oxford:International Federation of Automatic Control (IFAC)IFAC Publications Office c/o Elsevier Ltd, ISBN: 9783902823250, Grenoble, France, 4-6 February 2013, doi: 10.3182/20130204-3-FR-2033.00175
[C4] A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, E. Usai. “Parameter tuning and chattering adjustment of Super-Twisting sliding mode control system for linear plants.” In IEEE, Proc. of the 12th Int. Workshop on Variable Structure Systems (VSS’12). p. 479-484, Piscataway (NJ):IEEE, ISBN: 978-1-4577-2067-3, Mumbai, India, January 12-14, 2012, doi:10.1109/VSS.2012.6163549
[C3] A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, E. Usai. “Oscillation shaping in uncertain linear plants with nonlinear PI control: analysis and experimental results.” In: Proceedings of the 2nd IFAC Conference on Advances in PID Control (PID'12). vol. 2, p. 116-121, Kidlington,Oxford: IFAC Publications Office c/o Elsevier Ltd, ISBN: 978-3-902823-18-2, Brescia, Italy, 28-30 March 2012, doi: 10-3182/20120328-3-IT-3014.00020
[C2] A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, E. Usai. “Robust FDI in induction motors via second order sliding mode technique.” In: Proc. of the 12th Int. Workshop on Variable Structure Systems (VSS’12). p. 467-472, Piscataway (NJ):IEEE, ISBN: 978-1-4577-2066-6, Mumbai, India, January 12-14, 2012, doi: 10.1109/VSS.2012.6163547
[C1] A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, E. Usai, R. Puche Panadero. “Detection of rotor broken bar and eccentricity faults in induction motors via second order sliding mode observer.” in IEEE Proceedings of the 51th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC 2012) p. 7614-7619, IEEE, ISBN: 978-1-4673-2065-8, Maui, Hawaii, 10/12/2012 -13/12/2012, doi: 10.1109/CDC.2012.6426640

Abstracts at national conferences (Italy)

[N8] A. Pilloni, A. Pisano , E. Usai (2022) A global finite-time first-order sliding mode strong observer design with certain semi-global fixed-time convergence characteristics. Convegni Nazionali SIDRA, Automatica.it, Cagliari, 1 – 3 Settembre 2022. (under review)
[N7] Y. Orlov , A. Pilloni, A. Pisano , E. Usai (2021) Boundary control of an uncertain diffusion PDE with dynamic actuator and unmatched disturbance. Convegni Nazionali SIDRA, Automatica.it, Catania, 9 – 10 Settembre 2021.
[N6] S. Koch, A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, E. Usai (2020) Robust Boundary Control of an In-Line Heating System governed by coupled PDE/ODE Dynamics. Convegni Nazionali SIDRA, Automatica.it, Cagliari, 9 – 11 Settembre 2020.
[N5] A. Pilloni, M. Franceschelli, A. Pisano, E. Usai (2019). Delta modulation (Δ-M) via Second-order Sliding-Mode Control Technique. Convegni Nazionali SIDRA, Automatica.it, Ancona, 11 – 13 Settembre 2019.
[N4] A. Pilloni, M. Franceschelli, M. Gholami, A. Pisano, E. Usai (2018) Sliding mode robustification of networked controllers with application to distributed optimization and microgrid control. Convegni Nazionali SIDRA, Automatica.it, Firenze, 12-14 settembre 2018.
[N3] G. Fadda, A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, E. Usai, A. Marjanovic, S. Vujnovic (2015) A combined model- based data-driven approach for FDI in a water-steam power plant. Convegni Nazionali SIDRA, Automatica.it, Bari, 7-9 settembre 2015.
[N2] A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, E. Usai, J.A. Luna-Pacho, S. M. Rakhtala (2015) Controllo ed Osservazione dello Stato Robusta su Celle a Combustibile con Membrana a Scambio Protonico. Convegni Nazionali SIDRA, Automatica.it, Bari, 7-9 settembre 2015.
[N1] A. Pilloni, A. Pisano, E. Usai, M. Franceschelli, A. Giua (2013) Finite-Time Consensus of Perturbed Networks via Discontinuous Algorithms. Convegni Nazionali SIDRA, Automatica.it, Palermo, 16-18 settembre 2013.

Professional activities as Process Engineer and Technical Consultant:

[2020,1month] Collaboration with SitAut SRL. Activity description: Development and testing on PLC Siemens S7-1200 platform of the control algorithms and a user web-server interface for the remote control of an electro-hydraulic experimental prototype for the generation of waves in open tanks.
[2019,1month] Collaboration with Società Cooperativa Infora (http://www.infora.it/). Activity description: Development of a real-time simulator on the MATLAB/Simulink environment of an electric AC microgrid integrating power-coverters with photovoltaic panel and batteries and a multi-agent-based voltage and frequency secondary control architecture implemented over a digital communication network implemented over a  LTE communication infrastructure.
[2016,1month] Collaboration with SitAut SRL on behalf on Abinsula SRL. Activity description: Feasibility study for the integration of the IEC 611131-3-compliant CODESYS development environment on a proprietary embeded platform through the CodeSys API known as PLCHandler-Based Communication.
[2015,2month] Collaboration with SitAut SRL on behalf on Elianto CSP SRL (https://www.eliantocsp.it/). Activity description: Development and testing on the Siemens S7-1200 platform of the high-level supervision and control system for a thermodynamic solar plant and commissioning on the prototype plant located in Ussana (Italy).
[2015,1month] Collaboration with the company SitAut SRL on behalf on Abinsula SRL. Activity description: Conformity analysis of the Beremiz open-source IDE to the IEC 611131-3 standard and development of a demonstrator that certifies its stability and completeness for industrial control purposes with respect to the IDE IEC 611131-3-compliant Codesys.
[2013,6month] Collaboration with SitAut SRL, commissioned by Elianto CSP SRL on behalf on Falk Renewable SpA. Activity description: Definition of the operative phases and implementation on a Siemens S7 Series PLC platform of the management, communication and control logics for the control of a 1MW concentrating thermodynamic solar energy production plant, and integration of the same on a pre-existing 14MW biomass production plant. More info: [here]

Personal web-site: sites.google.com/site/apilloni84/home

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